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Translations of
English self-respect,
sense of shame,
Pali hiri
Sanskrit hrī, hri
Chinese 慚(T) / 惭(S)
(RR: cham)
Tibetan ངོ་ཚ་ཤེས་པ།
(Wylie: ngo tsha shes pa;
THL: ngo tsa shepa

Hri (Sanskrit, also hri; Pali: hiri; Tibetan Wylie: ngo tsha shes pa) is a Buddhist term translated as "self-respect" or "conscientiousness". It is defined as the attitude taking earnest care with regard to ones actions and refraining from non-virtuous actions.[1][2] It is one of the virtuous mental factors within the Abhidharma teachings.

The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:

What is hri? It is to avoid what is objectionable as far as I see it and its function is to provide a basis for refraining from non-virtuous actions.[1]

Alternative Translations

  • self-respect - Herbert Guenther, Dzigar Kongtrul Rinpoche, Rangjung Yeshe Wiki
  • conscientiousness - Erik Pema Kunsang
  • moral self-dignity - Alexander Berzin
  • sense of shame - Rangjung Yeshe Wiki
  • dignity

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Guenther (1975), Kindle Locations 524-526.
  2. Kunsang (2004), p. 24.


  • Guenther, Herbert V. & Leslie S. Kawamura (1975), Mind in Buddhist Psychology: A Translation of Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan's "The Necklace of Clear Understanding". Dharma Publishing. Kindle Edition.
  • Kunsang, Erik Pema (translator) (2004). Gateway to Knowledge, Vol. 1. North Atlantic Books.

External links

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