Difference between revisions of "Āśraya-parāvṛtti"

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[[Category:Buddhist philosophical concepts]]
[[Category:Yogacara concepts]]

Revision as of 05:28, 14 February 2020

Āśraya-parāvṛtti (Sanskrit; T. gnas yongs su ‘gyur pa; C. zhuanyi) refers to the transformation of the consciousness from an impure state (under the influence of kleshas) to a pure state (in which the kleshas have been eliminated). The term describes a key concept in the Yogacara school.

Dan Lusthaus writes:

Yogācārins describe enlightenment as resulting from Overturning the Cognitive Basis (āśraya-paravṛtti), i.e., overturning the conceptual projections and imaginings which act as the base of our cognitive actions. This overturning transforms the basic mode of cognition from consciousness (vi-jñāna, dis-cernment) into jñāna (direct knowing). The vi- prefix is equivalent to dis- in English - dis-criminate, dis-tinguish, dis-engage, dis-connect - meaning to bifurcate or separate from. Direct knowing was defined as non-conceptual (nirvikalpa-jñāna), i.e., devoid of interpretive overlay.[1]

Alternate translations

Alternate translations for this term are:

  • Transformation of the basis (Buswell; D'Amato)
  • Fundamental transmutation (Buswell)
  • Conversion of the basis (King)
  • Manifestation of the basis (Keown, Dictionary of Buddhism)
  • Overturning the Cognitive Basis (Lusthaus)
  • Revolution of the basis


Further reading

  • Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University