Buddha's Birthday

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Buddha's Birthday
Baby Siddarhtha.JPG
A statue of the child Gautama Buddha as depicted in his apocryphal story of birth
Official name Fódàn (佛誕)
Phật Đản
Chopa-il (초파일, 初八日)
বুদ্ধ পূর্ণিমা
बुद्ध जयन्ती
Vesākha
Also called Buddha's Birthday
Buddha Purnima
Buddha Jayanti
Observed by Buddhists
Hindus
Type Buddhist, cultural
Significance Celebrates the birthday of Gautama Buddha
Date

varies by region:

  • April 8 or May 8 (Japan)
  • Second Sunday in May (Taiwan)
  • 8th day of 4th lunar month (mainland East Asia)
  • first full moon of Vaisakha (South Asia and Southeast Asia)
Frequency annual
Related to Vesak

Buddha's Birthday is a holiday traditionally celebrated in Mahayana Buddhism to commemorate the birth of the Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Gautama Buddha and founder of Buddhism. According to the Theravada Tripitaka scriptures[which?] (from Pali, meaning "three baskets"), Gautama was born in Lumbini in modern-day Nepal, in the year 623 B.C., according to the Tibetan Account, and raised in Kapilavastu. At the age of thirty five, he attained enlightenment (nirvana) underneath a Bodhi tree at Bodhgaya (modern day India). He delivered his first sermon at Sarnath, India. At the age of eighty, He died at Kushinagar, India.

The exact date of Buddha's Birthday is based on the Asian lunisolar calendars. The date for the celebration of Buddha's Birthday varies from year to year in the Western Gregorian calendar, but usually falls in April or May. In leap years it may be celebrated in June.

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