Four kayas

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The four kayas (Skt. catuḥkāya; Tib. སྐུ་བཞི་, ku shyi; Wyl. sku bzhi) are identified within Tibetan Buddhism as:[1][2]

  1. dharmakaya (chos kyi sku, ཆོས་ཀྱི་སྐུ་) - the body of reality
  2. sambhogakaya (longs spyod rdzogs pa’i sku, ལོངས་སྤྱོད་རྫོགས་པའི་སྐུ་) - the body of perfect rapture
  3. nirmanakaya (Wyl. sprul pa’i sku, སྤྲུལ་པའི་སྐུ་ ) - the emanational body
  4. svabhavikakaya (Wyl. ngo bo nyid kyi sku ངོ་བོ་ཉིད་ཀྱི་སྐུ་ ) - the body of their essentiality

In Atisha's Seven Points of Mind Training, slogon number 14 states:[3]

Seeing confusion as the four kayas
Is unsurpassable shunyata protection.

According to Haribhadra, chapter 8 of the Abhisamayalankara describes Buddhahood through four kayas: svabhavikakaya, [jnana]dharmakaya, sambhogakaya and nirmanakaya.[4]

Svabhavakakaya

The Svabhavikakaya is the unity or non-separateness of the three kayas.[5]

References


Further reading