Difference between revisions of "Karma Chagme, Rāga Asya"

From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Dorje108 moved page Karma Chagme to Karma Chagme, Rāga Asya)
(6 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''Karma Chagme''' was a 17th-century [[Tibetan_Buddhism|Tibetan Buddhist]] scholar yogin. He was an important teacher in the Karma Kamtsang tradition. He was both the teacher and student of Tertön Mingyur Dorjé. He was the first of a line of seven Karma Chagme tülkus.  
+
'''Karma Chagme, Rāga Asya''' was a 17th-century [[Tibetan_Buddhism|Tibetan Buddhist]] scholar yogin. He was an important teacher in the Karma Kamtsang tradition. He was both the teacher and student of Tertön Mingyur Dorjé. He was the first of a line of seven Karma Chagme tülkus.  
  
==The First Karma Chagme, Rāga Asya==
+
He was known for being a prolific writer and scholar, and for being the teacher of tertön [[Namchö Mingyur Dorje]], who revealed a unique cycle of [[Terma (religion)|terma]] known as the [[Nam Cho]] ({{bo|w=gnam-chos}}). Karma Chakme was credited as a [[mahasiddha]] attaining an authentic emanation of Jinasagara, the "Red [[Avalokiteśvara]]".  
Karma Chakme (born Wangdrak Sung; ordained Karma chags med; alias Rā-ga a-sya; 1613-1678) was born in Salmo Gang ({{bo|w=zal mo sgang}}), a place near [[Riwoche Monastery|Riwoche]] ({{bo|w=ri bo che}}) in the district of Ngoms in [[Kham]].  His father, Pema Wangdrak ({{bo|w=pad-ma dbang-grags}}) was an established tantric [[siddha]] from the ruling lineage of Dong khachö ({{bo|w=gdong mkha' spyod}}) and his mother Chökyong Kyi ({{bo|w='Chos-skyong skyid}}) was descended from the family line of Gyuli. Said to have been the reincarnation of Chokro Lü Gyeltsen ({{bo|w=cog ro klu'i rgyal mtshan}}) and of Prince Sad na legs, his father gave his son the [[tertön]] Ratna Lingpa longevity empowerments during his birth.
 
  
Karma Chakme was trained by his father from the age of six in reading and writing, as well as “white” and “black” astrology ({{bo|w=rtsis dkar nag}}), geomancy and magic ceremonies for the purpose of averting misfortunes. He was also taught the entire cycle of [[Nyingma]] teachings, which he had learned from his father, and continued his training with the most famous Nyingma and [[Kagyu]] masters of his time.
+
He is perhaps best-known for his contributions to the Tibetan genre of Pure Land literature, with his ''Aspiration Prayer to the Pure Land Sukhāvatī'' and its commentary which are widely considered classic texts of the demön (''bde smom'') genre.  
 
 
He attained mastery of the sūtras and tantras at zad ma gyi monastery and received, at the age of twenty, ordination and the transmission of [[Mahamudra]] from the 6th [[Shamarpa|Shamar Rinpoche]] [[Mipan Chökyi Wangchuk]] (1584-1630) at [[Tsurphu Monastery]].  He received empowerment during his visit. Then he traveled with the Karmapa for a year and a half achieving fame in Tibet. Karma Chakme's public examination was before 12,000 monks at the Great Prayer Festival of Karma Kagyu.
 
 
 
A contender for the post of 10th [[Karmapa]], he was not confirmed but retained the ordination name Karma Chakme.{{Citation needed|date=August 2018}}
 
 
 
He was known for being a prolific writer and scholar, for his ardent devotion to the cult of [[Sukhavati|Sukhāvatī]] and for being the teacher of tertön [[Namchö Mingyur Dorje]], who revealed a unique cycle of [[Terma (religion)|terma]] known as the [[Nam Cho]] ({{bo|w=gnam-chos}}). Karma Chakme was credited as a [[mahasiddha]] attaining an authentic emanation of Jinasagara, the "Red [[Avalokiteśvara]]". Karma Chags med  was a formidable scholar and prolific author who composed some sixty volumes of texts on a variety of subjects while in retreat. He is perhaps best-known for his contributions to the Tibetan genre of Pure Land literature, with his Aspiration Prayer to the Pure Land Sukhāvatī and its commentary which are widely considered classic texts of the demön(''bde smom'') genre. Among his many works belonging to the [[Nam Cho]] cycle, ''[https://www.academia.edu/40713875/Ascending_to_Heaven_after_Death_Karma_Chags_meds_Commentary_on_Mind_Transference The Mind Treasure of the Sky Dharma: A Compilation of Extensive Instructions for Transferring to Sukhāvatī'' (''Gnam chos thugs kyi gter kha las bde chen zhing du 'pho ba'i gdams pa rgyas  par bsgrigs pa]'') is an important commentary on the Vajrayāna practice of [[phowa]] <ref> Georgios T. Halkias. 2019. “Heavenly Ascents after Death: Karma Chagme’s Commentary on Mind Transference.” Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, no. 52, 70–89. </ref>
 
 
 
The biography of the first Karma Chakme is based on the following sources: ''gTer ston brgya rtsa’i rnam thar'' (513-16); ''mKhas grub Karma chags med rin po che’i gsung ’bum gyi dkar chag'' (introduction); Tsering Lama (1988: 35-44); and Chagmé (1998: 7-11).
 
  
 +
Among his many works belonging to the [[Nam Cho]] cycle, ''[https://www.academia.edu/40713875/Ascending_to_Heaven_after_Death_Karma_Chags_meds_Commentary_on_Mind_Transference The Mind Treasure of the Sky Dharma: A Compilation of Extensive Instructions for Transferring to Sukhāvatī'' (''Gnam chos thugs kyi gter kha las bde chen zhing du 'pho ba'i gdams pa rgyas  par bsgrigs pa]'') is an important commentary on the Vajrayāna practice of [[phowa]] <ref> Georgios T. Halkias. 2019. “Heavenly Ascents after Death: Karma Chagme’s Commentary on Mind Transference.” Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, no. 52, 70–89. </ref>
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
  
==References==
+
==Further reading==
 +
*''Karma Chakme's Mountain Dharma: As Taught by Khenpo Karthar Rinpoche Vol. One, Two & Three'', KTD Publications, 2005, 2006 & 2008
 +
*Ven. Tsering Lama Jampal Zangpo, ''A Garland of Immortal Wish-Fulfilling Trees: The Palyul Tradition of Nyingmapa'', translated by Sangye Khandro, Snow Lion, 1988
  
 
*Tsering Lama Jampal Zangpo. 1988. ''A Garland of Immortal Wish-fulfilling Trees: The Palyul Tradition of Nyingmapa''. Ithaca: Snow Lion.
 
*Tsering Lama Jampal Zangpo. 1988. ''A Garland of Immortal Wish-fulfilling Trees: The Palyul Tradition of Nyingmapa''. Ithaca: Snow Lion.
Line 26: Line 20:
 
*Chagmé, Karma 2009. ''A Spacious Path to Freedom: Practical Instructions on Union of Mahamudra and Atiyoga''.  Commentary by Gyatrul Rinpoche, Translated by A. Wallace. Ithaca: Snow Lion.
 
*Chagmé, Karma 2009. ''A Spacious Path to Freedom: Practical Instructions on Union of Mahamudra and Atiyoga''.  Commentary by Gyatrul Rinpoche, Translated by A. Wallace. Ithaca: Snow Lion.
  
* Tibetan Buddhist Resource Center (http://www.tbrc.org/index.xq)
+
==External links==
 +
*{{RW citation|Karma Chakmé}}
 +
*{{Rangjung citation|Karma_Chagme_Raga_Asey}}
 +
*{{LH|tibetan-masters/karma-chakme| Karma Chakmé Series on Lotsawa House}}
 +
*{{TBRC|P649|TBRC profile}}
 +
 
  
<!-- Chagme is not a surname; no DEFAULTSORT needed -->
 
 
[[Category:Karma Kagyu Lamas]]
 
[[Category:Karma Kagyu Lamas]]
 
[[Category:Nyingma Lamas]]
 
[[Category:Nyingma Lamas]]
Line 35: Line 33:
 
[[Category:Tertöns]]
 
[[Category:Tertöns]]
 
[[Category:Tulkus]]
 
[[Category:Tulkus]]
 +
[[Category:Historical people]]
  
 
{{WP content|Karma Chagme}}
 
{{WP content|Karma Chagme}}

Revision as of 18:29, 13 January 2020

Karma Chagme, Rāga Asya was a 17th-century Tibetan Buddhist scholar yogin. He was an important teacher in the Karma Kamtsang tradition. He was both the teacher and student of Tertön Mingyur Dorjé. He was the first of a line of seven Karma Chagme tülkus.

He was known for being a prolific writer and scholar, and for being the teacher of tertön Namchö Mingyur Dorje, who revealed a unique cycle of terma known as the Nam Cho (Wylie: gnam-chos). Karma Chakme was credited as a mahasiddha attaining an authentic emanation of Jinasagara, the "Red Avalokiteśvara".

He is perhaps best-known for his contributions to the Tibetan genre of Pure Land literature, with his Aspiration Prayer to the Pure Land Sukhāvatī and its commentary which are widely considered classic texts of the demön (bde smom) genre.

Among his many works belonging to the Nam Cho cycle, The Mind Treasure of the Sky Dharma: A Compilation of Extensive Instructions for Transferring to Sukhāvatī (Gnam chos thugs kyi gter kha las bde chen zhing du 'pho ba'i gdams pa rgyas par bsgrigs pa) is an important commentary on the Vajrayāna practice of phowa [1]

Notes

  1. Georgios T. Halkias. 2019. “Heavenly Ascents after Death: Karma Chagme’s Commentary on Mind Transference.” Revue d’Etudes Tibétaines, no. 52, 70–89.


Further reading

  • Karma Chakme's Mountain Dharma: As Taught by Khenpo Karthar Rinpoche Vol. One, Two & Three, KTD Publications, 2005, 2006 & 2008
  • Ven. Tsering Lama Jampal Zangpo, A Garland of Immortal Wish-Fulfilling Trees: The Palyul Tradition of Nyingmapa, translated by Sangye Khandro, Snow Lion, 1988
  • Tsering Lama Jampal Zangpo. 1988. A Garland of Immortal Wish-fulfilling Trees: The Palyul Tradition of Nyingmapa. Ithaca: Snow Lion.
  • Chagmé, Karma 2000. Naked Awareness: Practical Instructions on the Union of Mahāmudrā and Dzogchen. Translated by A. Wallace. Ithaca: Snow Lion.
  • Chagmé, Karma 2009. A Spacious Path to Freedom: Practical Instructions on Union of Mahamudra and Atiyoga. Commentary by Gyatrul Rinpoche, Translated by A. Wallace. Ithaca: Snow Lion.

External links

This article includes content from Karma Chagme on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikipedia logo