Difference between revisions of "List of notable historical figures in Buddhism"

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This is a '''list of notable historical Buddhists'''. This list should not be considered to be complete.
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This is a '''list of notable historical figures in Buddhism'''. This list should not be considered to be complete.
  
 
== Historical Buddhist thinkers and founders of schools ==
 
== Historical Buddhist thinkers and founders of schools ==
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* [[Huangbo Xiyun]], 9th-century teacher of [[Linji Yixuan]]
 
* [[Huangbo Xiyun]], 9th-century teacher of [[Linji Yixuan]]
 
* [[Huineng]], sixth and last patriarch of Chan Buddhism in China
 
* [[Huineng]], sixth and last patriarch of Chan Buddhism in China
* [[Ingen]], 17th-century Chinese Chan monk, founder of the [[Ōbaku]] sect of [[Zen]]
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* [[Ingen]], 17th-century Chinese Chan monk, founder of the [[
* [[Ji Gong]], a Buddhist monk revered as a deity in [[Taoism]]
 
* [[Jizang]], founder of [[East Asian Mādhyamaka]]
 
* [[Jnanayasas]], translator
 
* [[Linji Yixuan]], 9th-century Chinese monk, founder of the [[Linji school]] of Chan Buddhism
 
* [[Mazu Daoyi]], 8th-century Chan master
 
* [[Moheyan]], 8th-century Chinese monk, advocate of “sudden” enlightenment
 
* [[Sanghapala]], 6th-century monk (Mon-Khmer?) who translated many texts to [[Chinese language|Chinese]]
 
* [[Sengcan]], third patriarch of Chan Buddhism in China
 
* [[Wumen Huikai]], author of the ''Gateless Gate''
 
* [[Xuanzang]], brought [[Yogacara]] to China to found the [[East Asian Yogācāra]] school; significant pilgrim, translator
 
* [[Xueting Fuyu]], 13th-century [[Shaolin Monastery]] abbot of the [[Caodong school]]
 
* [[Yijing (monk)|Yijing]], pilgrim and translator
 
* [[Yunmen Wenyan]], founder of one of the five schools of Chan Buddhism
 
* [[Yuquan Shenxiu]], Tang dynasty, patriarch of "Northern School" sect of Chan Buddhism
 
* [[Zhaozhou Congshen|Zhaozhou]], 9th-century Chan master; noted for "Mu" koan
 
* [[Zhiyi]], founder of the [[Tiantai]] school
 
 
 
===Tibetan===
 
<!-- Please do NOT add names of people who do not have Wikipedia articles showing evidence of Buddhist belief or practice, or who are not reasonably likely to have articles written about them. Any name added which does not already have a Wikipedia article, MUST have a reliable reference indicating both their notability and evidence of Buddhist belief or practice. Any names without such references WILL be removed. -->
 
* [[Gampopa]], student of [[Milarepa|Jetsun Milarepa]] and founder of the [[Karma Kagyu]] lineage of [[Tibetan Buddhism]]
 
* [[Jigten Sumgön]], founder of Drikung Kagyu Lineage
 
* [[Dolpopa Sherab Gyaltsen]], founder of the [[Jonang]] school and advocate of the [[shentong]] philosophy
 
* [[Jamgon Kongtrul]]
 
* [[Longchenpa]], one of the greatest [[Nyingma]] philosophers
 
* [[Mandarava]], important female student and consort of Padmasambhava
 
* [[Marpa Lotsawa]], student of [[Naropa]] and a founder of the Kagyu lineage of Tibetan Buddhism
 
* [[Milarepa]], foremost student of Marpa Lotsawa
 
* [[Padmasambhava]], Indian founder of Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism
 
* [[Sakya Pandita]], one of the greatest [[Sakya]] philosophers
 
* [[Taranatha]], important Jonang scholar
 
* [[Je Tsongkhapa]], 14th-century Tibetan monk, founder of the [[Gelug]] school of Tibetan Buddhism, based upon the [[Kadam (Tibetan Buddhism)|Kadam]]
 
* [[Yeshe Tsogyal]], important female student and consort of Padmasambhava
 
 
 
===Japanese===
 
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* [[Bankei Yōtaku]] (1622–1693), [[Zen master]] of the [[Rinzai school]]
 
* [[Dōgen]] Zenji (1200–1253), founder of the [[Sōtō]] school of [[Zen]], based upon the [[Caodong school]]
 
* [[Eisai]] (1141–1215), travelled to China and returned to found the [[Rinzai school]] of Zen]
 
* [[Hakuin Ekaku]] (1686–1769), Rinzai school of Zen]
 
* [[Hōnen]] (1133–1212), founder of the [[Jōdo-shū]] school of [[Pure Land Buddhism]]
 
* [[Ikkyū]] (1374–1481), Zen Buddhist monk and poet
 
* [[Ippen]] (1234–1289), founder of the [[Ji-shū]] sect of [[Pure Land Buddhism]]
 
* [[Kūkai]] (774–835), founder of [[Shingon Buddhism]]
 
* [[Myōe]] (1173–1232), monk of [[Kegon]] and [[Shingon Buddhism]], known for his propagation of the Mantra of Light 
 
* [[Nakahara Nantenbō]] (1839–1925), Zen master and artist
 
* [[Nichiren]] (1222–1282), founder of [[Nichiren Buddhism]]
 
* [[Nikkō (priest)|Nikkō]] (1246–1333), founder of [[Nichiren Shōshū]]
 
* [[Rōben]] (689–773), invited [[Simsang]] to Japan and founded the [[Kegon]] tradition based upon the Korean [[Hwaeom]] school
 
* [[Ryōkan]] (1758–1831), [[Zen]] monk and poet
 
* [[Saichō]] (767–822), founded [[Tendai]] school in Japan, also known by the posthumous title Dengyō Daishi
 
* [[Shinran]] (1173–1263), founder of the [[Jōdo Shinshū]] school of [[Pure Land Buddhism]] and disciple of [[Hōnen]]
 
* [[Takuan Sōhō]] (1573–1645), Zen teacher, and, according to legend, mentor of the swordsman [[Miyamoto Musashi]]
 
* [[Gempō Yamamoto]] (1866–1961), Zen master
 
* [[Shinjō Itō]] (1906–1989), founder of [[Shinnyo-en]]
 
 
 
===Korean===
 
{{see also|List of Korean Buddhists}}
 
* [[Gihwa]] (1376–1433), Korean [[Korean Buddhism#Seon|Seon]] monk; wrote commentaries on the [[Diamond Sutra]] and [[Sutra of Perfect Enlightenment]]
 
* [[Jinul]], Korean [[Korean Buddhism#Seon|Seon]] monk (1158–1210); founder of modern Korean gong'an meditation system
 
* [[Uisang]] (7th century), [[Korea]]n monk, founder of [[Hwaeom]] tradition, based upon the Chinese [[Huayan school]]
 
* [[Woncheuk]]
 
* [[Wonhyo]] (617–668), Korean monk; prolific commentator on [[Mahayana]] [[sutra]]s
 
 
 
===Burmese===
 
* [[Shin Arahan]], primate of [[Pagan Kingdom]], 1056–1115
 
* [[Ledi Sayadaw]], propagator of [[vipassanā]]
 
* [[Mahasi Sayadaw]], propagator of vipassanā
 
* [[Sayadaw U Tejaniya]], propagator of vipassanā
 
* [[Mogok Sayadaw]], propagator of vipassanā
 
* [[Webu Sayadaw]], propagator of vipassanā
 
* [[Panditarama Sayadaw]], propagator of vipassanā
 
* [[Mingun Sayadaw]], the first monk in Myanmar to be awarded the title of Tipitakadhara, meaning Keeper and Guardian of the [[Tipitaka]]
 
* [[Maha Bodhi Ta Htaung Sayadaw]], founder of [[Maha Bodhi Tahtaung]]
 
* [[Sitagu Sayadaw]], founder and Supreme Head of the Sitagu Buddhist Academies
 
* [[Ashin Nandamalabhivamsa]], rector of [[International Theravada Buddhist Missionary University]]
 
* [[Ashin Sandadika]], a well-known monk
 
* [[Ba Khin]], propagator of vipassana meditation in the Ledi tradition
 
 
 
===Thai===
 
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* [[Buddhadasa]], a well-known monk and philosopher
 
* [[Ajahn Chah]], monk well known for his students from all over the world
 
* [[Ajahn Maha Bua]], a well-known monk in the [[Thai Forest Tradition]]
 
* [[Mun Bhuridatta]], monk who established Thai Forest Tradition
 
* [[Ajahn Sao Kantasīlo]], one of the pioneers of the [[Dhammayuttika Nikaya]]
 
* [[Luang Pu Sodh Candasaro]] monk who founded the [[Dhammakaya Movement]]
 
* [[Somdej Toh]], monk who was the preceptor and teacher of [[King Rama IV]]
 
 
 
==Historical rulers and political figures==
 
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* [[Anawrahta]] (1015–1078), founder of the [[Pagan Kingdom]] and credited with introducing [[Theravada|Theravada Buddhism]] there and reintroducing it in [[Ceylon]]
 
* [[Ashoka]] (304–232 BC), [[Maurya Empire|Mauryan Emperor]] of [[History of India|ancient India]], and the first Buddhist ruler to send Buddhist missionaries outside of India throughout the [[Old World]] (阿育王)
 
* [[Brihadratha Maurya]], last ruler of the [[Maurya Empire]]
 
* [[Harsha]] (606–648), Indian emperor who converted to Buddhism
 
* [[Jayavarman VII]] (1181–1219), king of [[Cambodia]]
 
* [[Kanishka the Great]], ruler of the [[Kushan Empire]]
 
* [[Kublai Khan]], Mongol [[khagan]] and founder of the [[Yuan dynasty]] of China
 
* [[Hulagu Khan]], Mongol ruler who conquered much of Southwest Asia
 
* [[Menander I]] (Pali: Milinda), 2nd century BCE, a king of the [[Indo-Greek Kingdom]] of [[Northwestern India]] who questioned [[Nagasena|Nāgasena]] about Buddhism in the ''[[Milinda Panha|Milinda Pañha]]'' and is said to have become an [[arhat]]
 
* [[Mindon Min]] (1808–1878), last king of [[Burma]] and facilitator of the [[Fifth Buddhist council]]
 
* [[Emperor Ming of Han]]
 
* [[Mongkut]], king of [[Thailand]] and founder of the [[Dhammayuttika Nikaya]]
 
* [[Prince Shōtoku]] (574–622), mythologized crown prince and regent of [[Japan]]
 
* [[Theodorus (meridarch)|Theodorus]] (1st century BCE), Indo-Greek governor, author of a Buddhist dedication
 
* [[Wu Zetian]] (625–705), only female Empress Regnant in Chinese history
 
* [[Emperor Wu of Liang]] (梁武帝) (502–549)
 
* [[Devanampiya Tissa of Anuradhapura]] (307 BCE–267 BCE), King of [[Anuradhapura]]
 
* [[B. R. Ambedkar]] (14 April,1981- 6 December 1956 ), Architect of indian constitution [[india]]
 
 
 
== Modern teachers ==
 
See Wikipedia page for a list of modern teachers: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Buddhists#Modern_teachers
 
 
 
==See also==
 
* [[Outline of Buddhism]]
 
 
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
 
 
{{WP content}}
 
{{Historical people list}}
 
 
 
[[Category:Lists of Buddhists]]
 
 
 
[[Category:All people]]
 

Revision as of 18:52, 13 September 2019

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This is a list of notable historical figures in Buddhism. This list should not be considered to be complete.

Historical Buddhist thinkers and founders of schools

Individuals are grouped by nationality, except in cases where their influence was felt elsewhere. Gautama Buddha and his immediate disciples ('Buddhists') are listed separately from later Indian Buddhist thinkers, teachers and contemplatives.

Buddha's disciples and early Buddhists

Buddha and his disciples; the world’s tallest walking statue of the Buddha, in Kandy, Sri Lanka[1]
See also: Disciples of Gautama Buddha and Family of Gautama Buddha

Later Indian Buddhists (after Buddha)

Indo-Greek

Central Asian

Chinese