Tetsugen Bernard Glassman
Bernie Glassman (born January 18, 1939) is an American Zen Buddhist roshi and founder of the Zen Peacemakers (previously the Zen Community of New York), an organization established in 1980. In 1996, he co-founded the Zen Peacemaker Order with his late wife Sandra Jishu Holmes. Glassman is a Dharma successor of the late Taizan Maezumi-roshi, and has to date given inka and Dharma transmission to several people.
|School||Zen Peacemaker Order|
|Lineage||White Plum Asanga|
|Education||Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute
University of California, Los Angeles
|Other names||Bernie Glassman|
January 18, 1939 |
Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, New York, United States
Father Robert Kennedy
Wendy Egyoku Nakao
Pat Enkyo O'Hara
Grover Genro Gauntt
Anne Seisen Saunders
Francisco "Paco" Lugoviña
Glassman has become known as a pioneer of social enterprise, socially engaged Buddhism and "Bearing Witness Retreats" at Auschwitz and on the streets. 
According to author James Ishmael Ford, as of 2006 he has,
Bernie Glassman was born to Jewish immigrants in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, New York in 1939. He attended university at the Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute and received a degree in engineering. Following graduation he moved to California to work as an aeronautical engineer at McDonnell-Douglas. He then received his Ph.D. in applied mathematics from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Glassman first encountered Zen when he was assigned Huston Smith's The Religions of Man for an English class in 1958. From there, he continued reading including books by Alan Watts, Christmas Humphreys, and D.T. Suzuki. In the early 1960s, Glassman began meditating and soon after sought a local Zen teacher. He found Taizan Maezumi in Los Angeles, California and Glassman became one of the original founding members of the Zen Center of Los Angeles. He received Dharma transmission in 1976 from Maezumi and then inka in 1995 shortly before Maezumi's death.
In 1980, he founded the Zen Community of New York. In 1982 Glassman opened Greyston Bakery in Yonkers, New York, which initially provided jobs for the Zen students and evolved into an effort to help alleviate the widespread homelessness in the area. The bakery provided jobs for inner city residents who lacked education and skills. Greyston employed low-skilled workers from the neighborhood, many of whom were homeless themselves, and sold baked goods to shops and restaurants in Manhattan. In 1989 Glassman entered an agreement with Ben & Jerry's, and Greyston Bakery has become the supplier of brownies for several lines of ice cream.
Through the success of his bakery-which in 2016 was earning $12 million in revenues- Glassman founded the Greyston Foundation (sometimes called Greyston Mandala) with his wife Sandra Jishu Holmes in 1989. He retired from the Greyston Foundation in 1996 to pursue socially engaged Buddhist projects through the Zen Peacemakers. As of 2004 the Foundation had developed $35 million worth in real estate development projects in Westchester County, New York. The Foundation offers HIV/AIDS programs, provides job training and housing, child care services, educational opportunities, and other endeavors. In 2003 the bakery moved to a new building, which allows for higher output and more employment opportunities.
In 1996 Glassman, with his wife Sandra Jishu Holmes, founded the Zen Peacemaker Order. According to professor Christopher S. Queen, "The order is based on three principles: plunging into the unknown, bearing witness to the pain and joy of the world, and a commitment to heal oneself and the world." Richard Hughes Seager writes, "The Zen Peacemaker Order...has the potential to rival Thich Nhat Hanh's groups and the Buddhist Peace Fellowship as a force in American activism."
Glassman teaches about what his teacher, the late Taizan Maezumi, called the "unknowing." Not-knowing is the first tenet of the Zen Peacemakers, and Glassman says of it, "In Zen the words source and essence are the equivalent of Unknowing, and they come up again and again. We have the absolute and the relative perspectives about life, and Unknowing is the one source of both of these." Also, Glassman has become known for his many "street retreats." Author James Ishmael Ford writes, "...'street retreats,' for instance, moves sesshin into the streets: participants eat in soup kitchens, and, if they know they're not displacing homeless people, sleep in homeless shelters or, otherwise, sleep in public places. Zazen takes place in parks."
- Ancheta, Alfred Jitsudo
- Baker, Nancy Mujo
- Barragato, Stefano Mui (b. 1930)
- Barragato, Margaret Ne-Eka
- Wohl, Peter Seishin Sensei
- Paquin, Linda-Lee Abhaya
- Barragato, Margaret Ne-Eka
- Byalin, Kenneth (Ken) Tetsuji Sensei
- Gauntt, Grover Genro Sensei
- Halifax, Joan Jiko Roshi
- Kazniak, Al Genkai Sensei
- Krajewski, Andrzej Getsugen Roshi
- Harkaspi, Helen Kobai Yuho
- Hixon, Lex Jikai (1941-1995)
- Hixon, Sheila Jinen Sensei
- Holmes, Sandra Jishu Angyo (1941-1998)
- Kahn, Paul Kuzan Genki Roshi
- Kennedy, Robert E. Jinsen S.J. Roshi (b. 1933-)
- Abels, Gregory Hosho Sensei
- Abels, Janet Jiryu Roshi
- Bachman, Carl Genjo Sensei
- Birx, Charles Shinkai Sensei (b. 1944)
- Thompson, Scott H. (b. 1948) Dharma Holder (Assistant teacher)
- Birx, Ellen Jikai Sensei (b. 1950)
- Cicetti, Raymond Ryuzan Sensei (b. 1950)
- Eastman, Patrick Kundo Roshi
- Averbeck, Marcus Hozan Sensei
- Woodcock, Jeremy Ryokan Sensei
- Hunt, Kevin Jiun (b. 1933-), O.C.S.O (Order of Cistercians of the Strict Order)
- Richardson, Janet Jinne, csjp Roshi
- Lee, Robert Sokan Sensei
- Lugovina, Francisco Genkoji "Paco" Sensei
- williams, angel Kyodo Sensei
- Nelson, Craig Daiken Sensei
- Salazar, Joaquin Ryusho Sensei
- Matthiessen, Peter Muryo Roshi (May 22, 1927 – April 5, 2014)
- Bastis, Madeline Ko-i Sensei
- Cantor, Mitchell Doshin Sensei
- May, Wilbur Mushin Sensei
- Cantor, Mitchell Doshin Sensei
- Dobbs, Michel Engu Sensei
- Friedman, Dorothy Dai-en (Daien) Sensei
- Bastis, Madeline Ko-i Sensei
- Marko, Eve Myonen
- Maull, Fleet Shinryu Sensei
- Nakao, Wendy Lou Egyoku Roshi
- Berge, Raul Ensho, Dharma Holder (2006)
- Boyd, Merle Kodo Plum Dragon Sensei
- Hawley, Kipp Ryodo Sensei
- Janka, Gary Myogen Koan Sensei
- Nordstrom, Louis Mitsunen Roshi (b. 1943)
- Denton, Timothy Issai Sensei
- Hawkins, Roger Sensei
- Thompson, Phil Zenkai Sensei
- O'Hara, Pat Enkyo Roshi
- Saunders, Seisen
- Bridges, Jeff; Glassman, Bernie (2013). The Dude and the Zen Master. Blue Rider Press. ISBN 978-0399161643.
- Maezumi, Taizan; Glassman, Bernard (2007). The Hazy Moon of Enlightenment: Part of the On Zen Practice Series. Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0-86171-314-1.
- Glassman, Bernard (2002). Infinite Circle: Teachings in Zen. Shambhala Publications. ISBN 1-57062-591-3.
- Maezumi, Taizan; Glassman, Bernard (2002). On Zen Practice: Body, Breath, Mind. Wisdom Publications. ISBN 0-86171-315-X.
- Glassman, Bernard (1998). Bearing Witness: A Zen Master's Lessons in Making Peace. Bell Tower. ISBN 0-609-80391-3.
- Glassman, Bernard; Fields, Rick (1996). Instructions to the Cook: A Zen Master's Lessons in Living a Life That Matters. Bell Tower. ISBN 0-517-88829-7.
Glassman, Bernard; Fields, Rick (1996). Instructions to the Cook: A Zen Master's Lessons in Living a Life That Matters. Shambhala Lion Editions. ISBN 1-57062-260-4.
- Wegmüller, Roland (documentarian). Japan Tour of Temples, Monasteries and Tradition.
- Wold, Christof (director) (2006). Instructions to the Cook: A Zen Master's Lessons in Living a Life That Matters. Loyola Productions Munich GmbH. ISBN 3-939926-00-0.
- Gregory, Peter (director) (2004). Gate of Sweet Nectar: Feeding Hungry Spirits in an American Zen Community. Zen Center of Los Angeles. OCLC 56132158.
- O'Keefe, Michael (director) (2001). Raising the Ashes. Polonia Films. OCLC 51062604.
- Eich, George (director) (1999). Zen on the Street. Project Ananda Productions. OCLC 51062219.
- 1991 Best of America Award for Social Action, U.S. News & World Report
- Ethics in Action Award, Ethical Culture Society of Westchester
- E-chievement Award, E-Town, Tom’s of Maine
- Man of the Year, Westchester Coalition of Food Pantries
- 2016 Babson College Lewis Institute Social Innovator Award
Selected board participation
- The Temple of Understanding
- White Plum Asanga
- Soto Zen Buddhist Association
- AIDS Interfaith National Network
- Social Venture Network
- Westchester Interfaith Housing Corp.
- Christopher S. Queen. "Buddhism, activism, and Unknowing: a day with Bernie Glassman (interview with Zen Peacemaker Order founder)". Tikkun. 13 (1): 64–66. Retrieved 2010-12-14.
- James Ishmael Ford (2006). Zen master who? : a guide to the people and stories of Zen. Wisdom Publications. pp. 167–168. ISBN 0-86171-509-8.
- Christopher S. Queen (2000). Engaged Buddhism in the west. Wisdom publications. ISBN 0-86171-159-9.
- "Sweeping Zen Interview with Bernie Glassman". Sweeping Zen.
- Ari L. Goldman (December 23, 1991). "Cookies, Civic Pride And Zen". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-12-14.
- Perry Garfinkel (2006). Buddha or Bust. Harmony Books. pp. 33–34. ISBN 978-1-4000-8217-9.
- Robert Egger; Howard Yoon (2004). Begging for change : the dollars and sense of making nonprofits responsive, efficient, and rewarding for all. HarperBusiness. pp. 136–137. ISBN 0-06-054171-7.
- Chris Lazarus. "Recipes for Empowering Community Greyston, Mandala, Yonkers". New Village Journal (1). Retrieved 2010-12-14.
- Mark Roseland (2005). Toward sustainable communities : resources for citizens and their governments. New Society Publishers. p. 173. ISBN 0-86571-535-1.
- Richard Hughes Seager (1999). Buddhism in America. Columbia University Press. p. 209. ISBN 0-231-10868-0.
- Sanbo Kyodan: Harada-Yasutani School of Zen Buddhism and its Teachers
- White Plum Asanga teachers (Maezumi lineage)
- "Morning Star Zendo". Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- Still Mind Zendo
- Wild Goose Zen Sangha
- "Zen Peacemaker biographies". Retrieved 3 May 2015.
- One Heart Sangha
- SweepingZen, Rapaport, Al Tendo Fusho
- SweepingZen, Lehrhaupt, Linda Myoki
- "Teachers". Sweetwater Zen Center.
- "Sara Kokyo Wildi, Yogalehrerin und Leiterin von sarva". www.sarva.ch. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
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