Difference between revisions of "Thirty-seven factors of enlightenment"

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{{Thirty-seven factors}}
 
{{Thirty-seven factors}}
The '''thirty-seven factors of enlightenment''' (Skt. ''saptatriṁśa-bodhipakṣa-dharma''; Tib. [[བྱང་ཆུབ་ཀྱི་ཕྱོགས་ཀྱི་ཆོས་སུམ་ཅུ་རྩ་བདུན་]], [[Wyl.]] ''byang chub kyi phyogs kyi chos sum cu rtsa bdun''; Pin. ''sanshiqi daopin'') are thirty-seven practices, presented in seven groupings, undertaken and perfected at specific stages of the first four of the [[five paths]] and present thereafter as qualities of [[enlightenment]]. They are found in Buddha's ''[[Mahaparinirvana Sutra]]''.
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The '''thirty-seven factors of enlightenment''' (Skt. ''saptatriṁśa-bodhipakṣa-dharma''; Tib. [[བྱང་ཆུབ་ཀྱི་ཕྱོགས་ཀྱི་ཆོས་སུམ་ཅུ་རྩ་བདུན་]], [[Wyl.]] ''byang chub kyi phyogs kyi chos sum cu rtsa bdun''; Pin. ''sanshiqi daopin'') are thirty-seven factors, presented in seven groupings, that lead to enlightenment. These factors are presented in multiple texts in both the [[Pali Canon|Pali tradition]]<ref>[https://dhammawiki.com/index.php/37_factors_of_enlightenment 37 factors of enlightenment (Dhammawiki)]</ref> and the Sanskrit tradition.
  
 
They are as follows:<br>
 
They are as follows:<br>
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* '''30-37:''' [[eightfold path]]
 
* '''30-37:''' [[eightfold path]]
  
==Alternative Translations==
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In the Sanskrit (Mahayana) tradition, these factors are undertaken and perfected at specific stages of the first four of the [[five paths]] and present thereafter as qualities of [[enlightenment]].
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==Alternative translations==
 
*thirty-seven wings of enlightenment (Dharma Publishing)
 
*thirty-seven wings of enlightenment (Dharma Publishing)
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*thirty-seven requisites of enlightenment (Bhikkhu Bodhi, I.B. Horner)
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
  
==Further Reading==
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==Further reading==
 
*[[Kangyur Rinpoche]], ''Treasury of Precious Qualities'' (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2001), 'Appendix 6'.
 
*[[Kangyur Rinpoche]], ''Treasury of Precious Qualities'' (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2001), 'Appendix 6'.
 
* ''Middle Beyond Extremes: Maitreya's Madhyantavibhanga with Commentaries by Khenpo Shenga and Ju Mipham'', Dharmachakra Translation Committee, Snow Lion, 2006. 'Chapter 4'
 
* ''Middle Beyond Extremes: Maitreya's Madhyantavibhanga with Commentaries by Khenpo Shenga and Ju Mipham'', Dharmachakra Translation Committee, Snow Lion, 2006. 'Chapter 4'
  
==External Links==
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==External links==
 
*{{LH|tibetan-masters/patrul-rinpoche/stages-and-path|''A Brief Guide to the Stages and Paths of the Bodhisattvas'' by Patrul Rinpoche}}
 
*{{LH|tibetan-masters/patrul-rinpoche/stages-and-path|''A Brief Guide to the Stages and Paths of the Bodhisattvas'' by Patrul Rinpoche}}
* https://dhammawiki.com/index.php/37_factors_of_enlightenment
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* [https://dhammawiki.com/index.php/37_factors_of_enlightenment 37 factors of enlightenment (Dhammawiki)]
  
 
[[Category: Paths and Stages]]
 
[[Category: Paths and Stages]]

Latest revision as of 07:11, 1 December 2019

Thirty-seven factors of enlightenment
Sets of factors
1-4: four foundations of mindfulness
5-8: four right exertions
9-12: four bases of miraculous power
13-17: five spiritual faculties
18-22: five powers
23-29: seven aspects of enlightenment
29-35: eightfold path
Related topics
TBD

The thirty-seven factors of enlightenment (Skt. saptatriṁśa-bodhipakṣa-dharma; Tib. བྱང་ཆུབ་ཀྱི་ཕྱོགས་ཀྱི་ཆོས་སུམ་ཅུ་རྩ་བདུན་, Wyl. byang chub kyi phyogs kyi chos sum cu rtsa bdun; Pin. sanshiqi daopin) are thirty-seven factors, presented in seven groupings, that lead to enlightenment. These factors are presented in multiple texts in both the Pali tradition[1] and the Sanskrit tradition.

They are as follows:

In the Sanskrit (Mahayana) tradition, these factors are undertaken and perfected at specific stages of the first four of the five paths and present thereafter as qualities of enlightenment.

Alternative translations

  • thirty-seven wings of enlightenment (Dharma Publishing)
  • thirty-seven requisites of enlightenment (Bhikkhu Bodhi, I.B. Horner)

References


Further reading

  • Kangyur Rinpoche, Treasury of Precious Qualities (Boston & London: Shambhala, 2001), 'Appendix 6'.
  • Middle Beyond Extremes: Maitreya's Madhyantavibhanga with Commentaries by Khenpo Shenga and Ju Mipham, Dharmachakra Translation Committee, Snow Lion, 2006. 'Chapter 4'

External links

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