Difference between revisions of "Trikāya"

From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to: navigation, search
(External links)
(Quotations)
 
(7 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 8: Line 8:
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
* ''tri'' means "three"
+
The etymology of the Sanskrit term ''trikāya'':
* ''[[kāya]]'' - the Sanskrit word kaya literally means ‘body’ but can also signify dimension, field or basis. This term designates the different manifestations or dimensions of a buddha.
+
* ''tri'' - means 'three'
 +
* ''[[kāya]]'' - literally means ‘body’ but can also signify dimension, field or basis. This term designates the different manifestations or dimensions of a buddha.
  
 +
==Quotations==
 +
According to [[Patrul Rinpoche]] and Khenpo Pema Dorje:
 +
:The nature as it appears is the nirmanakaya mandala,
 +
:The nature as it is is the sambhogakaya mandala,
 +
:The all-pervading aspect is the dharmakaya mandala.<ref>Pelzang, Khenpo Ngawang (2004), Chapter 4.</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
*tbd
+
* [[Kāya]]
==Notes==
+
* [[Four kayas]]
{{reflist|group=note|2}}
 
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{reflist|2}}
+
{{reflist}}
  
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
{{refbegin}}
+
* {{Buswell source}}
 
+
* Pelzang, Khenpo Ngawang (2004), ''A Guide to 'The Words of My Perfect Teacher' ''. Shambhala Publications. Kindle Edition.
* John J. Makransky: (August 1997) ''Buddhahood Embodied: Sources of Controversy in India and Tibet'', Publisher: State University of New York Press, ISBN 0-7914-3432-X (10), ISBN 978-0-7914-3432-1 (13), [http://books.google.de/books?id=I4qmkptncxQC&pg=PA115&lpg=PA115&dq=embodiment+of+kaya&source=bl&ots=Y_OtBtMzPx&sig=AlH56SC68O9nDxWxBKdWsxkm6QA&hl=de&ei=Mku5Sd6aB9G4-QbntfnHBA&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=1&ct=result#PPP1,M1]
 
* {{Citation | last =Schloegl | first =Irmgard | year = 1976 | title = The Zen Teaching of Rinzai | publisher = Shambhala Publications, Inc. | isbn = 0-87773-087-3 | url =http://www.thezensite.com/ZenTeachings/Translations/Teachings_of_Rinzai.pdf}}
 
* {{cite book | last = Snellgrove | first = David | title = Indo-Tibetan Buddhism, Vol. 1 | publisher = Boston, Massachusetts:  Shambhala Publications, Inc. | year = 1987 | isbn = 0-87773-311-2 }}
 
* {{cite book | last = Snellgrove | first = David | title = Indo-Tibetan Buddhism, Vol. 2 | publisher = Boston, Massachusetts:  Shambhala Publications, Inc. | year = 1987 | isbn = 0-87773-379-1 }}
 
* {{Citation | last =Snelling | first=John | year= 1987 |title =The Buddhist handbook. A Complete Guide to Buddhist Teaching and Practice | place =London | publisher =Century Paperbacks}}
 
* {{cite book | last = Walsh  | first = Maurice | title = The Long Discourses of the Buddha: A Translation of the Dīgha Nikāya | publisher = Boston: Wisdom Publications | year = 1995 | isbn = 0-86171-103-3 }}
 
{{refend}}
 
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
 +
*{{Rangjung citation|Three_Kayas}}
 +
*{{RW citation|Three kayas}}
 
*[https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/trikaya trikāya - A Encylopedia.com]
 
*[https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/trikaya trikāya - A Encylopedia.com]
*{{RW citation|Three kayas}}
 
  
 
[[Category:Buddhist philosophical concepts]]
 
[[Category:Buddhist philosophical concepts]]
[[Category:Buddhist terminology]]
+
[[Category:Kayas]]
 
[[Category:Vajrayana]]
 
[[Category:Vajrayana]]
 
[[Category:Tibetan Buddhism]]
 
[[Category:Tibetan Buddhism]]
 
{{our content}}
 
{{our content}}

Latest revision as of 23:38, 27 July 2020

Trikāya (T. sku gsum; C. sanshen; J. sanshin; K. samsin 三身) is an important concept within the Sanskrit Mahayana tradition that refers to three forms or aspects of buddhahood. This is also understood as three different manifestations or dimensions of a buddha.

These three dimensions are:

  1. The Dharmakāya or body of dharma which embodies the very principle of enlightenment and knows no limits or boundaries;
  2. The Sambhogakāya or body of mutual enjoyment which is a body of bliss or clear light manifestation;
  3. The Nirmāṇakāya or created body which manifests in time and space.

Etymology

The etymology of the Sanskrit term trikāya:

  • tri - means 'three'
  • kāya - literally means ‘body’ but can also signify dimension, field or basis. This term designates the different manifestations or dimensions of a buddha.

Quotations

According to Patrul Rinpoche and Khenpo Pema Dorje:

The nature as it appears is the nirmanakaya mandala,
The nature as it is is the sambhogakaya mandala,
The all-pervading aspect is the dharmakaya mandala.[1]

See also

References

  1. Pelzang, Khenpo Ngawang (2004), Chapter 4.


Sources

  • Pelzang, Khenpo Ngawang (2004), A Guide to 'The Words of My Perfect Teacher' . Shambhala Publications. Kindle Edition.

External links

This article is developed by our editors based on the sources cited. Our team icon 75px.png