Difference between revisions of "Trisvabhāva"

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The three natures are:
 
The three natures are:
  
# ''Parikalpita'' (Tib. ཀུན་བརྟགས་, Wyl. ''kun btags''): "imputed nature"
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# ''Parikalpita-svabhāva'' (T. ''kun brtags mtshan nyid''): "imputed nature"
# ''Paratantra'' ( Tib. གཞན་དབང་, Wyl. ''gzhan dbang''): "dependent nature"
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# ''Paratantra-svabhāva'' ( T. ''gzhan dbang mtshan nyid''): "dependent nature"
# ''Pariniṣpanna'' (Tib. ཡོངས་གྲུབ་, Wyl. ''yongs grub''): "truly existent nature"
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# ''Pariniṣpanna-svabhāva'' (T. ''yongs grub mtshan nyid''): "truly existent nature"
  
 
==Alternative translations==
 
==Alternative translations==
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==Further reading==
 
==Further reading==
*Garfield, Jay L. 'Vasubandhu's Treatise on the Three Natures' in ''Empty Words: Buddhist Philosophy and Cross-Cultural Interpretation'', Oxford University Press, 2002
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* D'Amato, M. "Three Stages: An Interpretation of the Yogacara Trisvabhava-Theory." ''Journal of Indian Philosophy''. (2005) 33:185-207
 +
*Garfield, Jay L. "Vasubandhu's Treatise on the Three Natures" in ''Empty Words: Buddhist Philosophy and Cross-Cultural Interpretation'', Oxford University Press, 2002
 
*Karr, Andy. ''Contemplating Reality'' (Boston: Shambala Publications, 2007), Chapter 9
 
*Karr, Andy. ''Contemplating Reality'' (Boston: Shambala Publications, 2007), Chapter 9
 
* Connelly, Ben. ''Inside Vasubandhu's Yogacara'', Wisdom, 2016
 
* Connelly, Ben. ''Inside Vasubandhu's Yogacara'', Wisdom, 2016

Revision as of 01:29, 9 November 2019

Trisvabhāva (T. mtshan nyid gsum/rang bzhin gsum; C. sanxing 三性), or the three natures, is a key doctrine of the Yogacara school that presents a model of our experiences and phenomena in terms of three natures.

The three natures are:

  1. Parikalpita-svabhāva (T. kun brtags mtshan nyid): "imputed nature"
  2. Paratantra-svabhāva ( T. gzhan dbang mtshan nyid): "dependent nature"
  3. Pariniṣpanna-svabhāva (T. yongs grub mtshan nyid): "truly existent nature"

Alternative translations

  • Imaginary, Other-dependent & Perfect (Karl Brunnhölzl)
  • Imagined, Other-dependent & Consummate (Jay L. Garfield)
  • Imputation, Dependence & the Absolute (Lama Chökyi Nyima)
  • Imaginary, Dependent & Thoroughly Established (Dharmachakra Translation Group)

Canonical literature

See also

Further reading

  • D'Amato, M. "Three Stages: An Interpretation of the Yogacara Trisvabhava-Theory." Journal of Indian Philosophy. (2005) 33:185-207
  • Garfield, Jay L. "Vasubandhu's Treatise on the Three Natures" in Empty Words: Buddhist Philosophy and Cross-Cultural Interpretation, Oxford University Press, 2002
  • Karr, Andy. Contemplating Reality (Boston: Shambala Publications, 2007), Chapter 9
  • Connelly, Ben. Inside Vasubandhu's Yogacara, Wisdom, 2016

External links

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