Difference between revisions of "Vikalpa"

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'''Vikalpa''' (P. vikappa T. rnam par mi rtog pa; C. fenbie) has the meaning conceptualization, conceptual thinking, conceptual thought, discrimination, etc. The Rangjung Yeshe Wiki described vikalpa as "forming concepts of subject and object."<ref>{{Rangjung citation|rnam_par_rtog_pa}}</ref>
 
'''Vikalpa''' (P. vikappa T. rnam par mi rtog pa; C. fenbie) has the meaning conceptualization, conceptual thinking, conceptual thought, discrimination, etc. The Rangjung Yeshe Wiki described vikalpa as "forming concepts of subject and object."<ref>{{Rangjung citation|rnam_par_rtog_pa}}</ref>
  
According to Buswell, it refers to concetual actvities of the mental consciousness (manovijnana).<ref>{{Buswell inline full|vikalpa}}</ref>  
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According to Buswell, it refers to conceptual actvities of the mental consciousness (manovijnana).<ref name=b1>{{Buswell inline full|vikalpa}}</ref> Buswell also states:
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: In the [[Yogacara]] school, vikalpa is described specfically as the "discriminative conception of apprehended and apprehender"...<ref name=b1/>
  
This term is used in the [[Yogacara]] school, in making distinctions between conceptual thought and non-ceptual thought ([[nirvikalpa]]).
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The [[Yogacara]] school also makes a distinction between conceptual thought (vikalpa) and non-conceptual thought ([[nirvikalpa]]).  
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This term is discussed in the "Tattvārtha" chapter of the [[Bodhisattvabhūmi]]. In her commentary on this chapter, contemporary scholar Janice Dean Willis writes:
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: Here Asanga discusses the faults of "discursive," undisciplined thought (''vikalpa'') and the means of coming to thoroughly comprehend its workings. Because discursive thought and conceptualization of all kinds cloud our view of ultimate reality, Asanga here takes pains to delineate and analyze such thought.<ref>Janice Dean Willis, ''On Knowing Reality'', Motilal Banarsidass Publishers (2002), p. 40</ref>
  
 
==Alternate translations==
 
==Alternate translations==

Revision as of 12:59, 23 March 2020

Vikalpa (P. vikappa T. rnam par mi rtog pa; C. fenbie) has the meaning conceptualization, conceptual thinking, conceptual thought, discrimination, etc. The Rangjung Yeshe Wiki described vikalpa as "forming concepts of subject and object."[1]

According to Buswell, it refers to conceptual actvities of the mental consciousness (manovijnana).[2] Buswell also states:

In the Yogacara school, vikalpa is described specfically as the "discriminative conception of apprehended and apprehender"...[2]

The Yogacara school also makes a distinction between conceptual thought (vikalpa) and non-conceptual thought (nirvikalpa).

This term is discussed in the "Tattvārtha" chapter of the Bodhisattvabhūmi. In her commentary on this chapter, contemporary scholar Janice Dean Willis writes:

Here Asanga discusses the faults of "discursive," undisciplined thought (vikalpa) and the means of coming to thoroughly comprehend its workings. Because discursive thought and conceptualization of all kinds cloud our view of ultimate reality, Asanga here takes pains to delineate and analyze such thought.[3]

Alternate translations

Alternate translations for this term are:

  • conceptual thought (RY)
  • conceptual process
  • [false] discrimination (Buswell)
  • discriminating activities of the mind

See also

References

  1. Rangjung a-circle30px.jpg rnam_par_rtog_pa
  2. 2.0 2.1 Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Robert E. Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Princeton: 2014), entry for vikalpa
  3. Janice Dean Willis, On Knowing Reality, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers (2002), p. 40


Further reading

  • Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University 
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