Ākāra (T. rnam pa; C. xingxiang; J. gyōsō) is translated as "aspect," "mode," "form," or "image." This term has multiple meanings in Buddhist texts.
- Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. ākāra.
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University
- Tomlinson (2018), The Tantric Context of Ratnākaraśānti’s Philosophy