ānantaryakarman (P. ānantariyakamma; T. mtshams med pa'i las; C. wujian ye) is translated as "act that brings immediate retribution," etc. These are actions that are so heinous that as soon as the person who commits the act dies, they are immediately reborn in the Avici hell realm (without any intervening births in between).
- killing an arhat
- wounding a buddha
- creating a schism in the sangha (the community of Buddhist monks and nuns)
The Buddha's cousin Devadatta was infamous for commiting mulitple henious acts, including: attempting to kill the Buddha (and wounding him instead), killing an arhat, and causing a schism in the sangha.
- Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. ānantaryakarman.
- Nyanatiloka Thera 2019, s.v. ānantariya-kamma.
- Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. pañcānantarya.
- Hodous, Lewis; Soothill, William Edward (1995). A Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms: With Sanskrit and English Equivalents and a Sanskrit-Pali Index. Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 978-0700703555.
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University
- Nyanatiloka Thera (2019), Nyanaponika Thera, ed., Buddhist Dictionary: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, Pariyatti Publishing
- Silk, Jonathan A. (2007). Good and Evil in Indian Buddhism: The Five Sins of Immediate Retribution, Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (3), 253-286