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Śāśvatadṛṣṭi (P. sassatadiṭṭhi; T. rtag lta རྟག་ལྟ་; C. changjian 常見) is translated as "view of eternalism," "view of permanance," "eternalism," etc.

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism states:[1]

  • Eternalism is the mistaken belief or view that a self (ātman) exists independently of the five aggregates (skandha) and that it continues to exist eternally, transmigrating from one rebirth to the next.
  • ...“eternalism” [is] one of the two “extreme views” (antagrāhadṛṣṭi), along with “annihilationism” (ucchedadṛṣṭi).

Sanskrit tradition

Rangjung Yeshe Dictionary states (definition for རྟག་ལྟ་):[2]

  • The belief that there is a permanent and causeless creator of everything; in particular, that one's identity or consciousness has a concrete essence which is independent, everlasting and singular.

Pali tradition

The Buddhist Dictionary states:

Eternity-belief (sassata-diṭṭhi) is the belief in the existence of a persisting ego-entity, soul or personality, existing independently of those physical and mental processes that constitute life and continuing even after death.[3]


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. śāśvatadṛṣṭi.
  2. Rangjung a-circle30px.jpg rtag_lta
  3. Nyanatiloka Thera 2019, s.v. diṭṭhi.


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