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Translations of
English hypocrisy,
concealment of shortcomings
Sanskrit Śāṭhya
Tibetan གཡོ།
(Wylie: g.yo;
THL: yo

Śāṭhya (Sanskrit; Tibetan phonetic: yo) is a Buddhist term translated as "hypocrisy", "dishonesty", "deception", or "concealment of shortcomings".

It is identified as:

In this context, it is defined as concealing ones own faults because of a desire for things such as honor and material gain.[1][2]


The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:

What is dishonesty? In one's desire for wealth and honor, one deceitfully makes non-virtue seem virtuous by associating with both attachment (raga) and ignorance (moha). It provides an obstacle for getting good counsel.[1]

Alexander Berzin writes:

Concealment of shortcomings (g.yo) is a part of longing desire (raga) and naivety (moha). Because of excessive attachment to our material gain and the respect we receive, this is the state of mind to hide our shortcomings and faults from others.[3]

The Khenjuk states:

Hypocrisy is the deceitful attitude which perpetuates negativity, concealing one's own faults because of the desire for such things as honor and gain. It belongs to the categories of attachment, anger and delusion and obstructs obtaining true instructions. (Erik Pema Kunsang translation)[2]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Guenther (1975), Kindle Locations 914-915.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kunsang (2004), p. 27.
  3. Berzin (2006)


External links

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