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Adhiṭṭhāna (Pali) is translated as "decision," "resolution," "self-determination," "will," etc. Adhiṭṭhāna is one of the ten paramis of the Pali tradition.

The Buddhist Dictionary states:

adhiṭṭhāna, as a doctrinal term, occurs chiefly in two meanings:
(1) ‘Foundation’: four ‘foundations’ of an arahat’s mentality, mentioned and explained in MN 140: the foundation of wisdom (paññā), of truthfulness (sacca), of liberality (cāga) and of peace (upasama). See also DN 33 and its Commentary.
(2) ‘Determination’, resolution, in: adhiṭṭhāna-iddhi, ‘magical power of determination’ (see iddhi); adhiṭṭhānapāramī, ‘perfection of resolution’ (see pāramī).[1]


  • Adhi can mean "foundational" or "beginning"
  • Sthā can mean "standing"


  1. Nyanatiloka Thera 2019, s.v. adhiṭṭhāna.