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The Buddhist Dictionary states:
- adhiṭṭhāna, as a doctrinal term, occurs chiefly in two meanings:
- (1) ‘Foundation’: four ‘foundations’ of an arahat’s mentality, mentioned and explained in MN 140: the foundation of wisdom (paññā), of truthfulness (sacca), of liberality (cāga) and of peace (upasama). See also DN 33 and its Commentary.
- (2) ‘Determination’, resolution, in: adhiṭṭhāna-iddhi, ‘magical power of determination’ (see iddhi); adhiṭṭhānapāramī, ‘perfection of resolution’ (see pāramī).
- Adhi can mean "foundational" or "beginning"
- Sthā can mean "standing"
- Nyanatiloka Thera 2019, s.v. adhiṭṭhāna.
- Nyanatiloka Thera (2019), Nyanaponika Thera, ed., Buddhist Dictionary: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, Pariyatti Publishing
- "Adhitthana," Dhammawiki