Amoha (Skt, Pali; T. gti mug med pa; C. wuchi; J. muchi; K. much'i 無癡) is translated as "non-delusion" or "non-bewilderment". It is a mental factor which defined as being without delusion concerning what is true, due to discrimination; its function is to cause one to not engage in unwholesome actions.
The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:
- What is non-deludedness? It is a thorough comprehension of (practical) knowledge that comes from maturation, instructions, thinking and understanding, and its function is to provide a basis for not becoming involved in evil behavior.
The Necklace of Clear Understanding states:
- It is a distinct discriminatory awareness to counteract the deludedness that has its cause in either what one has been born into or what one has acquired.
- Tib. གཏི་མུག་མེད་པ་ནི་སོ་སོར་བརྟགས་པའི་སྒོ་ནས་དོན་ལ་མ་རྨོངས་པ་སྟེ་ཉེས་པ་ལ་མི་འཇུག་པར་བྱེད་པའོ།
- Non-delusion means being without delusion concerning what is true due to discrimination. It makes one not engage in evil deeds. (Erik Pema Kunsang)
- Non-delusion is, through analysis, being without delusion concerning what is true. It prevents one from acting mistakenly. (Rigpa Translations)
Contemporary scholar Steven Goodman writes:
- Nondelusion is said to be active when there’s a thorough understanding that comes from having received spiritual instructions, having thought about them deeply, and then coming to an understanding of their import. When there is a thorough comprehension of the instructions we have received, this is called being nondeluded, and again, like the other two (alobha and advesha), it serves as a basis for not becoming involved in unwholesomeness.
- Goodman, Steven D. (2020), The Buddhist Psychology of Awakening: An In-Depth Guide to the Abhidharma (Apple Books ed.), Shambhala Publications
- Mipham Rinpoche (2004), Gateway to Knowledge, vol. I, translated by Kunsang, Erik Pema, Rangjung Yeshe Publications
- Yeshe Gyeltsen (1975), Mind in Buddhist Psychology: A Translation of Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan's "The Necklace of Clear Understanding", translated by Guenther, Herbert V.; Kawamura, Leslie S., Dharma Publishing
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