The word anger translates several different terms from Buddhist canonical languages. Generally speaking, Buddhist scholars identify a variety of different anger-related mental states. For example, the Tibetan tradition identifies three levels or types of anger:
- a generalized anger or aversion with regard to other beings or unpleasant circumstances or conditions
- anger or irritation that is directed primarly towards other beings
- hostility, rage, etc. that includes the opportunity and the intention to cause harm
Some terms that are commonly translated as anger are:
- dvesha (Sanskrit, also dveṣa; Pali: dosa; Tibetan: zhe sdang)
- one of the three poisons/three unwholesome roots
- Translated as: "aversion," "aggression," "anger," etc.
- pratigha (Sanskrit; Pali: paṭigha; Tibetan: khong khro)
- krodha (Sanskrit; Tibetan: khro ba)
- one of the twenty subsidiary unwholesome mental factors within the Sanskrit tradition
- Translated as: "fury", "rage", "indignation," etc.