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Aparagodānīya [alt. Godānīya] (T. ba lang spyod བ་ལང་སྤྱོད་; Eng. 'Land of Cattle') is one of the four continents. It lies to the West of Mount Meru; it is circular and ruby in color.[1]

"The western continent swarms with herds of elephants and cows from whose every hair flows an inexhaustible supply of everything one could desire."[1]

On either side of this continent are the two subcontinents:

  • Shatha (Skt. Śāthā; T. g.yo ldan) and
  • Uttaramantrina (Skt. Uttaramantriṇa; T. lam mchog 'gro)


  1. 1.0 1.1 Dudjom Rinpoche 2011, s.v. Chapter 12.


Further reading