Bhante

From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to: navigation, search

Bhante (Pali; Nepali; Burmese: ဘန္တေ, pronounced [bàɴtè], Sanskrit: vande and vandanā[1]) is the polite particle used to refer to Buddhist monks in the Theravada tradition. Bhante literally means "Venerable Sir."[2]

Young Indian Buddhist monk with statues of the Buddha and Bodhisattva Babasaheb Ambedkar in Indian vihara or monastery

The Pali word "bhante" is a gender neutral term, unlike "bhikkhu" or "bhikkhuni". It is equivalent to Sanskrit verb 'Vande' or 'Bande' as in the song Vande Mataram. Vande means a reverential action of 'bowing' to someone or something. The Nepali terms for the Hindu priestly caste, bare and bande, have the same derivation.[3] The Pali term Bhante can also be used as an honorific or a form of address to specific Buddhist monks, similar to Ajahn, Phra or Luang Por in Thailand or Ashin in Burma.

Some famous bhantes are:

Grammatically "bhante" is a vocative case form of a Pali word "bhadanta" (venerable, reverend).[4] The vocative case denotes and is used for address.[5]

See also

References

  1. The Circle of Bliss: Buddhist Meditational Art by John C. Huntington, Dina Bangdel. Serindia Publications: 2003 ISBN 1932476016 Page 29
  2. Rhys Davids, Thomas William; Steele, William, eds. (1905). The Pali-English dictionary (Reprint of Oxford 1905 edition, circa 1997 ed.). New Delhi / Chennai: Asian Educational Services. p. 498. ISBN 81-206-1273-6.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  3. The Circle of Bliss: Buddhist Meditational Art by John C. Huntington, Dina Bangdel. Serindia Publications: 2003 ISBN 1932476016 Page 29
  4. Value Bhadanta, bhaddanta Pali Text Society Pali-English Dictionary
  5. Buddhist Precept & Practice Gombrich, Richard F. Claredon Press: 1995 ISBN 0710304447, Page 141
This article includes content from Bhante on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikipedia logo