Bhante

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Buddhist monks in Thailand.

Bhante (Pali; Sanskrit: vande and vandanā[1]) is a respectful title used to address monks, nuns, and superiors, especially in the Theravada tradition. In English, the term is often translated as "Venerable."[2]

Bhante is a gender-neutral term, and may be used to address both monks and nuns. It is the vocative form of the word bhadanta, which confers recognition of greatness and respect.[3]

Bhante can also be used as an honorific title for respected monastics, similar to Ajahn, Phra or Luang Por in Thailand or Ashin in Burma.

Grammatically "bhante" is a vocative case form of a Pali word "bhadanta" (venerable, reverend).[4] The vocative case denotes and is used for address.[5]

The Nepali terms bare and bande have the same derivation and are used to address Buddhist clergy.[6]

References

  1. The Circle of Bliss: Buddhist Meditational Art by John C. Huntington, Dina Bangdel. Serindia Publications: 2003 ISBN 1932476016 Page 29
  2. Rhys Davids, Thomas William; Steele, William, eds. (1905). The Pali-English dictionary (Reprint of Oxford 1905 edition, circa 1997 ed.). New Delhi / Chennai: Asian Educational Services. p. 498. ISBN 81-206-1273-6. 
  3. Value Bhadanta, bhaddanta Pali Text Society Pali-English Dictionary
  4. Value Bhadanta, bhaddanta Pali Text Society Pali-English Dictionary
  5. Buddhist Precept & Practice Gombrich, Richard F. Claredon Press: 1995 ISBN 0710304447, Page 141
  6. The Circle of Bliss: Buddhist Meditational Art by John C. Huntington, Dina Bangdel. Serindia Publications: 2003 ISBN 1932476016 Page 29
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