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Bhautika (T. 'byung 'gyur) refers to material objects or phenomena arisen from the elements.[1]

The Rangjung Yeshe Wiki, defining the Tibetan term 'byung 'gyur, emphasizes material objects arisen from elements. Also: secondary qualities of the elements, and what is to arise from the elements.[1]

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism defines the Sanskrit term bhautika as a secondary formation from bhūta ("element"). Hence as "secondary element."[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Rangjung a-circle30px.jpg 'byung 'gyur, Rangjung Yeshe Wiki
  2. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. bhautika.