|Six sense faculties|
& six sense bases
|Five faculties (Five bases)|
|Sixth sense faculty|
|Sixth sense base|
The "body faculty" (kāyendriya) functions as:
- the body base (kāya-āyatana) in the scheme of the twelve ayatanas.
- the body dhatu (kāya-dhatu) within the eighteen dhatus
The "body faculty" is also referred to as:
- the body-sensitivity (kāya-pasāda) in the Pali Abhidharma tradition
The body faculty (kāyendriya) refers to the capacity to process contact with outer and inner physical subtances, textures and so on. Outwardly, this includes sensations from contact with different textures on the skin, and feeling sensations such as the heat of the sun, wind, rain, cold, etc. Inwardly this refers to sensations of hunger, thirst, etc.
The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:
- What is the body sense faculty? It is translucent form (rūpaprasāda) derived from the four great elements that is the basis of body consciousness.
The Khenjuk states:
- The [shape of the] body faculty is [all-covering] similar to the skin of the smooth-to-the-touch bird.
- Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University
- Mipham Rinpoche (2004), Gateway to Knowledge, vol. I, translated by Kunsang, Erik Pema, Rangjung Yeshe Publications
- Nyanatiloka Thera (2019), Nyanaponika Thera, ed., Buddhist Dictionary: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines, Pariyatti Publishing
- Thupten Jinpa, ed. (2017), Science and Philosophy in the Indian Buddhist Classics, Volume 1: The Physical World, translated by Coghlan, Ian James, Wisdom Publications