Kāyendriya

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Kāyendriya (P. kāyindriya; T. lus kyi dbang po ལུས་ཀྱི་དབང་པོ; C. shengen 身根), or body faculty, is one of the five sense faculties, which are inner subtle forms based on the physical sense organs.[1]

The "body faculty" (kāyendriya) functions as:

The "body faculty" is also referred to as:

  • the body-sensitivity (kāya-pasāda) in the Pali Abhidharma tradition[3]

Description

The body faculty (kāyendriya) refers to the capacity to process contact with outer and inner physical subtances, textures and so on. Outwardly, this includes sensations from contact with different textures on the skin, and feeling sensations such as the heat of the sun, wind, rain, cold, etc. Inwardly this refers to sensations of hunger, thirst, etc.[4]

The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:

What is the body sense faculty? It is translucent form (rūpaprasāda) derived from the four great elements that is the basis of body consciousness.[5]

The Khenjuk states:

The [shape of the] body faculty is [all-covering] similar to the skin of the smooth-to-the-touch bird.[1]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mipham Rinpoche 2004, s.v. "The Aggregate of Forms".
  2. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Six sense faculties/sense bases.
  3. Nyanatiloka Thera 2019, s.v. ayatana.
  4. Khenjuk notes
  5. Thupten Jinpa 2017, s.v. "The Five Sense Faculties".


Sources