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buddhakṣetra (T. sangs rgyas zhing སངས་རྒྱས་ཞིང་; C. focha 佛刹), or "buddha field," is the realm or domain of a specific buddha. One of the most famous buddha fields is Sukhavati, the realm of Amitabha.

According to the Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, a buddha field has two aspects:[1]

Buddha fields are created as a result of the following activity of the bodhisattva/buddha:[1]

From these three activities, the "container" or inanimate part of the buddha field is created. The sentient beings in the buddha field consist of: the buddha who created the field, and the beings who are reborn in that field as a result of the past merit and aspiration prayers.

Two types of buddha fields are identified, based on their level of purity:

  • impure buddha fields: these are synonymous with cakravāda, worlds systems
  • pure buddha fields: also called pure lands (a translation of the Chinese term jingtu); these are created by a buddha upon his enlightenment, and typically do not include the "lower realms" of animals, hungry ghosts and hell beings.