|Four Classes of Tantra|
|Three outer classes|
|1. Yana of kriya tantra|
|2. Yana of charya tantra|
|3. Yana of yoga tantra|
|4. Highest yoga tantra|
|Tibetan Canon ~ Inner (Nyingma)|
The vehicle of charya or ‘conduct’ tantra is so-called because it places an equal emphasis on the outer actions of body and speech and the inner cultivation of samadhi. It is also called the ‘tantra of both’ (Skt. ubhaya tantra) because its view conforms with that of yoga tantra, while its conduct is similar to that of kriya tantra.
The vehicle of charya tantra is identified within the following contexts:
- the second of the three outer tantras within the nine yanas classification of the Nyingma school
- the second of the four classes of tantra according to the Sarma schools.
Charya tantra within the nine yanas
|The Nine Yanas|
|Sutrayana (Outer Yanas)|
|Three outer tantras|
|4. Yana of kriya tantra|
|5. Yana of charya tantra|
|6. Yana of yoga tantra|
|Three inner tantras|
|7. Yana of mahayoga|
|8. Yana of anuyoga|
|9. Yana of atiyoga|
|Tibetan Canon ~ Four classes|
The vehicle of caryā or ‘conduct’ tantra is so-called because it places an equal emphasis on the outer actions of body and speech and the inner cultivation of samādhi. It is also called the ‘tantra of both’ (ubhaya tantra) because its view conforms with that of yoga tantra, while its conduct is similar to that of kriyā.
I will now say a little about its entry point, view, meditation, conduct and results.
i. Entry Point
One is matured by means of the five empowerments, which include the empowerments of the vajra, bell and name in addition to the water and crown empowerments, and then maintains the samayas of caryā tantra, as described in the particular texts themselves.
The view is determined in the same way as in the yoga tantra, so it will be explained below.
One visualizes oneself as the samaya being and visualizes the wisdom deity, who is regarded as a friend, in front of oneself, and then practises the conceptual meditations on the syllable, mudrā and form of the deity, and the non-conceptual meditation on absolute bodhicitta by means of entering, remaining and arising.
The conduct here is the same as in kriyā tantra.
In the short term, one attains the common accomplishments and ultimately one reaches the level of a vajradhara of the four buddha families, i.e., the three mentioned earlier plus the ratna family.
Within East Asian Buddhism
|This article includes content from Charya Tantra on Rigpawiki (view authors). Licensed under CC BY-NC 3.0|