Classical Mongolian language

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Classical Mongolian
Native to Mongolia, China, Russia
Era 1700–1900; developed into modern Mongolian
  • Classical Mongolian
Early form
Language codes
ISO 639-3 cmg
Glottolog None

Classical Mongolian is an extinct Mongolic language formerly used in Mongolia, China, and Russia. It is a standardized written language used in the 18th century and 20th centuries. Notable texts include the translation of the Kanjur and Tanjur and several chronicles roughly between 1700 and 1900.[1]

Classical Mongolian sometimes refers to any language documents in Mongolian script that are neither Pre-classical (i.e. Middle Mongol in Mongolian script) nor modern Mongolian.[2]


  1. Janhunen, Juha (2003): Written Mongol: 32. In: Janhunen (ed.): The Mongolic languages. London: Routledge.
  2. e.g. Linguist List entry for Classical Mongolian
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