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saṁskṛta (T. 'dus byas འདུས་བྱས་; C. youwei) is translated as "conditioned," "compounded," etc., is a term that describes all impermanent phenomena – that is, all things or phenomena that are:

  • produced through causes and conditions
  • have the nature of arising, remaining and ceasing
  • are subsumed by the five aggregates

The Khenjuk states:

A conditioned thing is a thing which is created through causes and conditions. Its nature has arising, remaining and ceasing. Its defining characteristic (lakṣaṇa) is all phenomena subsumed by the five aggregates.[1][2]

Conditioned and unconditioned

In the Sanskrit tradition, all knowable things can be categorized as "the conditioned and unconditioned" (saṁskṛta-asaṁskṛta).


David Karma Choephel states:

The English words compound and composite are closer to the literal meaning of the Sanskrit saMskAra and Tibetan 'dus byas. The word conditional is derived from the explanation the Buddha gave in the sutras that was repeated in the treatises. In Master Vasubandhu's words, "Those which are made by conditions coming together and meeting are composites. There is nothing at all produced by a single condition."[3]

Alternative translations

  • Conditioned
  • Compounded
  • Composite

See also



External links

Further Reading

  • S. Goodman, "The Conditioned and Unconditioned" Chapter of Mi-pham rgya mtsho's mkhas-pa'i tshul-la 'jug-pa'i sgo, M.A Thesis, University of Saskatchewan, 1979