Samyutta Nikaya

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The Samyutta Nikaya is the third division of the Sutta Pitaka of the Pali Canon. According to Bhikkhu Bodhi, this division contains 2,889 suttas (discourses) grouped into five sections (vaggas). Each section is further divided into samyuttas, each of which in turn contains a group of suttas on related topics.

The samyuttas are named according to the topics of the suttas they contain. For example, the Kosala Samyutta (in the Sagatha Vagga) contains suttas concerning King Pasenadi of Kosala; the Vedana Samyutta (in the Salayatana Vagga) contains suttas concerning feeling (vedana); and so on.


  • Bhikkhu Bodhi (translator), The Connected Discourses of the Buddha (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2000; originally published in two volumes, but now available in a single volume).

Correspondence with the Saṃyukta Āgama

The Samyutta Nikaya corresponds to the Samyukta Agama found in the Sutra Pitikas of various Sanskritic early Buddhists schools, fragments of which survive in Sanskrit and in Tibetan translation. A complete Chinese translation from the Sarvāstivādin recension appears in the Chinese Buddhist canon, where it is known as the Zá Ahánjīng (雜阿含經); meaning "the mixed agama". A comparison of the Sarvāstivādin, Kāśyapīya, and Theravadin texts reveals a considerable consistency of content, although each recension contains sutras/suttas not found in the others.[1] The Collation and Annotation of Saṃyuktāgama[2] (《<雜阿含經>校釋》,Chinese version) makes further comparison.

Bhikku Sujato, a contemporary scholar monk, argues that the remarkable congruence of the various recensions suggests that the Samyutta Nikaya/Saṃyukta Āgama was the only collection to be finalized in terms of both structure and content in the pre-sectarian period.[3]


  1. A Dictionary of Buddhism, by Damien Keown, Oxford University Press: 2004
  2. The Collation and Annotation of Saṃyuktāgama, by Wang Jianwei and Jin Hui, East China Normal University Press: 2014
  3. Bhikku Sujato, A History of Mindfulness: How Insight Worsted Tranquility in the Satipatthana Sutta pgs 31, 37-52


External links

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