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Dravyasat (Sanskrit; T. rdzas yod རྫས་ཡོད་; C. shi you; J. jitsuu; K. sil yu 實有) translates as "subtantially existent", "to exist substantially".

In certain Abhidharma traditions of the Early Buddhist schools, some entities, such as partless particles, were posited to be dravyasat (substantially existent). This was contrasted to things that were made of collections or parts, which were described as prajñaptisat (imputed).

Vasubandhu refuted the possibility of dravyasat (substantially existent) entities in two of his works: the Abhidharmakośabhāṣya and the Viṃśatikā.

Alternative translations

  • Substantially existent (Buswell, Rangjung Yeshe)
  • to exist substantially (Rangjung Yeshe)
  • Existence in substance (Buswell)
  • Substantial entity (Rigpa wiki)
  • Concretum (Kapstein)

See also