Eight subcontinents

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Eight subcontinents (Skt. aṣṭa kṣudradvīpāh [alt. aṣṭa kṣudradvīpāni]; T. gling phran brgyad གླིང་ཕྲན་བརྒྱད་)[1] — there are two subcontinents for each of the four continents which surround Mount Meru according to Buddhist cosmology. The subcontinents "are the same color and shape as their respective main continents and are half their size."[2]

The four continents and eight subcontinents are:[1][3]

Purvavideha in the East:
1. Deha (T. lus) and
2. Videha (T. lus 'phags)
Jambudvipa in the South:
3. Cāmara (T. rnga yab) and
4. Aparacāmara (T. rnga yab gzhan)
Aparagodaniya in the West:
5. Shatha (Skt. Śāthā; T. g.yo ldan) and
6. Uttaramantriṇa (T. lam mchog 'gro)
Uttarakuru in the North:
7. Kurava (T. sgra mi snyan) and
8. Kaurava (T. sgra mi snyan gyi zla)


  1. 1.0 1.1 Internet-icon.svg gling phran brgyad, Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  2. Dudjom Rinpoche 2011, s.v. Chapter 12.
  3. Internet-icon.svg གླིང་བཞི་, Christian-Steinert Dictionary