Eighteen kinds of emptiness

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Eighteen kinds of emptiness (Skt. aṣṭadaṡa ṡūnyatā; T. stong nyid bco brgyad སྟོང་ཉིད་བཅོ་བརྒྱད་) are differentiated in the sutras of the Sanskrit Mahayana tradition.

The eighteen types of emptiness are:[1][2][3]

1-16) the sixteen kinds of emptiness

17) the emptiness of non-entities (Skt. abhāva ṡūnyatā; T. དངོས་པོ་མེད་པ་སྟོང་པ་ཉིད།)

18) the emptiness of essential nature (Skt. svabhāva ṡūnyatā; T. ངོ་བོ་ཉིད་སྟོང་པ་ཉིད།)

For other versions of this list, see: