Eighteen kinds of emptiness

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Eighteen kinds of emptiness (Skt. aṣṭadaṡa ṡūnyatā; T. stong nyid bco brgyad སྟོང་ཉིད་བཅོ་བརྒྱད་) are differentiated in the sutras of the Sanskrit Mahayana tradition.

The Kauśika prajñāpāramitā states:

The so-called perfection of wisdom consists of eighteen kinds of emptiness.[1]

The eighteen types of emptiness are:[2][3][4]

1-16) the sixteen kinds of emptiness
17) the emptiness of non-entities (Skt. abhāva ṡūnyatā; T. དངོས་པོ་མེད་པ་སྟོང་པ་ཉིད།)
18) the emptiness of essential nature (Skt. svabhāva ṡūnyatā; T. ངོ་བོ་ཉིད་སྟོང་པ་ཉིད།)

For other versions of this list, see:

Notes