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pañcānantarya (P. pañcānantarīya; T. mtshams med pa lnga མཚམས་མེད་པ་ལྔ་; C. wu wujian ye) is translated as "five acts with immediate retribution," etc. These are actions that are so heinous that as soon as the person who commits the act dies, they are immediately reborn in the Avici hell realm (without any intervening births in between).

These five acts are:[1]

  • patricide
  • matricide
  • killing an arhat
  • maliciosly wounding a buddha and drawing blood
  • creating a schism in the sangha (the community of Buddhist monks and nuns)

This term is primarily used in the Sanskrit tradition. More generally, these types of acts are referred to as ānantaryakarman ("act that brings immediate retribution").

Alternative translations

  • Five acts of immediate consequence (Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism)
  • Five crimes of immediate retribution (Rigpa wiki)
  • Five boundless crimes
  • Five heinous acts (Geshe Thupten Jinpa)
  • Five inexpiable acts
  • Five sins of immediate effect (Padmakara)
  • Five inexpiable crimes (84000, Padmakara Translation Group)
  • Five with immediate reckoning


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. pañcānantarya.