Five tathāgatas

From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The five tathāgatas.

The five tathāgatas (Skt. pañcatathāgata; T. de bzhin gshegs pa lnga; C. wuzhi rulai/wu fo) are a group of buddhas that correspond to the five wisdoms, according to Buddhist tantra. According to Williams and Tribe (2000), they are emanations and representations of the five qualities of the primordial buddha (ādibuddha, in the form of Vairocana or Vajradhara) which is associated with dharmakaya.[1]

These are also known as the "five conquerors" (pañcajina). In English, they are also referred to as the "five buddhas", the "five dhyani buddhas", etc.

These five buddhas feature prominently in various Buddhist tantras and are the primary object of realization and meditation in Shingon Buddhism, a school of Vajarayana found in Japan.

The five tathāgatas are:

  1. Akshobhya
  2. Ratnasambhava
  3. Amitabha
  4. Amoghasiddhi
  5. Vairocana


  1. Williams, Tribe (2000), page 210.


  • Princeton Dict icon 166px.png Buswell, Robert E.; Lopez, Donald S. (2014), The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism, Princeton University 
  • Kalupahana, David J. (1991), Buddhist Thought and Ritual, Paragon House 
  • Keown, Damien (2003), A Dictionary of Buddhism, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-860560-9 
  • Thrangu Rinpoche (author) & Peter Roberts (translator) (1998). The Five Buddha Families and The Eight Consciousnesses. Boulder, CO, USA: Published by the Namo Buddha Seminar. Source: [1] (accessed: November 22, 2007)
  • Book icoline.svg Williams, Paul; Tribe, Anthony (2000), Buddhist Thought: A Complete Introduction to the Indian Tradition, Taylor & Francis 

Further reading

This article includes content from Five Tathagatas on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikipedia logo