Four classes of tantra

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The four classes of tantra (Skt. nava-yana; Tib. ཐེག་པ་དགུ, tekpa gu) refer to four stages of the tantric path within the Sarma schools of Tibetan Buddhism.

Three outer classes:

And one inner class of tantra, which is called

The latter is divided into three:

These classes of tantra correspond roughly to the six classes of tantra of the Nyingma school.

See also


  1. The Kalachakra Tantra can be designated either as a Mother Tantra or Non-dual Tantra. See Kalachakra Tantra, Rite of Initiation by the Dalai Lama and Jeffrey Hopkins (London: Wisdom, 1985), pages 165-6.

Further Reading

  • Glenn H. Mullin, The Dalai Lamas on Tantra (Snow Lion Publications, 2006)
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