Four classes of tantra

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Four Classes of Tantra
Three outer classes
1. Yana of kriya tantra
2. Yana of charya tantra
3. Yana of yoga tantra
Inner class
4. Highest yoga tantra
Related topics
Tibetan Canon ~ Inner (Nyingma)

The four classes of tantra (Skt. nava-yana; Tib. ཐེག་པ་དགུ, tekpa gu) refer to four stages of the tantric path within the Sarma schools of Tibetan Buddhism.

Three outer classes:

And one inner class of tantra, which is called

The latter is divided into three:

These classes of tantra correspond roughly to the six classes of tantra of the Nyingma school.

See also


  1. The Kalachakra Tantra can be designated either as a Mother Tantra or Non-dual Tantra. See Kalachakra Tantra, Rite of Initiation by the Dalai Lama and Jeffrey Hopkins (London: Wisdom, 1985), pages 165-6.

Further Reading

  • Glenn H. Mullin, The Dalai Lamas on Tantra (Snow Lion Publications, 2006)
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