Four yogas of Mahamudra

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Four yogas of Mahamudra (T. rnal 'byor bzhi རྣལ་འབྱོར་བཞི་) — four stages of attainment in the meditation practice of Mahamudra.

The four yogas are:[1][2]

  1. one-pointedness (Skt. ekāgratā;[3] T. rtse gcig རྩེ་གཅིག་), "for the most part, consists of shamatha and the gradual progression through the stages of shamatha with support, without support, and finally to the shamatha that delights the tathagatas."[1]
  2. simplicity (T. spros bral སྤྲོས་བྲལ་), "basically means non-fixation... Simplicity emphasizes vipashyana."[1]
  3. one taste (T. ro gcig རོ་གཅིག་), is the state of mind when shamatha and vipashyana become unified.[1]
  4. non-meditation (T. sgom med སྒོམ་མེད་) - at this stage, even subtle concepts of watcher and something watched (grāhya-grāhaka) are dissolved within the space free from mental constructs.[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Tsele Natsok Rangdrol 2009, pp. XIX.
  2. Rangjung a-circle30px.jpg rnal_'byor_bzhi, Rangjung Yeshe Wiki
  3. Internet-icon.svg rtse gcig, Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  4. Tsele Natsok Rangdrol 2009, pp. XX.


Further reading

  • Herbert V. Guenther, Meditation Differently, The Māhamudrā Approach: The Four Tuning-in Phases, 1992.