Fourfold correct discrimination

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The fourfold correct discrimination (Skt. catuḥpratisaṃvid; T. so so yang dag par rig pa bzhi, སོ་སོར་ཡང་དག་པ་རིག་པ་བཞི་) is:

  1. correct discrimination of meaning (Skt. artha; Tib. དོན་སོ་སོར་ཡང་དག་རིག་པ་, Wyl. don so sor yang dag rig pa)
  2. correct discrimination of dharma (Tib. ཆོས་སོ་སོར་ཡང་དག་རིག་པ་, Wyl. chos so sor yang dag rig pa)
  3. correct discrimination of language (Skt. nirukti; Tib.ངེས་ཚིག་སོ་སོར་ཡང་དག་རིག་པ་, Wyl nges tshig so sor yang dag rig pa)
  4. correct discrimination of courageous eloquence (Skt. pratibhāna; Tib. སྤོབས་པ་སོ་སོར་ཡང་དག་རིག་པ་, Wyl. spobs pa so sor yang dag rig pa)

This fourfold set is identified within the twenty-one sets of immaculate qualities.

In Mipham Rinpoche's Khenjuk, these are described as the means of maintaining the vast and profound teachings, i.e., the ten topics of knowledge (the vast) and the four seals (the profound).

In the Abhidharma tradition, they are part of the exclusive qualities of a buddha.

This fourfold correct discrimination is also identified in the following texts:

  • The Dedication “Fulfilling All Aspirations”[1]
  • The King of Samādhis Sūtra[2]
  • The Transcendent Perfection of Wisdom in Ten Thousand Lines[2]

Alternative Translations

  • Fourfold right discrimination (Erik Pema Kunsang, GTK)
  • Four perfect knowledges (Rigpa wiki)
  • Four analytic insights (Andy Rotman)
  • Four analytical knowledges (Edward Conze)
  • Four correct discriminations (Thomas Doctor)
  • Four genuine masteries of specifics
  • Four specific perfect understandings[3]


  1. 84000.png The Dedication “Fulfilling All Aspirations”
  2. 2.0 2.1
  3. Tibetan-English Dictionary of Buddhist Terminology, Tsepak Rigdzin, Library of Tibetan Works and Archives.

External links

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