Fourteen non-concurrent formations

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Fourteen non-concurrent formations (Skt. citta-viprayukta-samskara; Tib. ལྡན་མིན་འདུ་བྱེད་བཅུ་བཞི་, Wyl. ldan min 'du byed bcu bzhi) are identified in the Abhidharma-kosha, where they are listed among the seventy-five dharmas:

1. possesion (S. prāpti; Wyl. thob pa)
2. dispossession (S. aprāpti; Wyl. ma thob pa)
3. same status or similar class (S. sa-bhagata; Wyl. skal mnyam / Wyl. ris mthun)
4. perceptionless absorption (S. asaṃjñi-samāpatti; Wyl. 'du shes med pa'i snyoms 'jug)
5. perceptionlessness (S. asaṃjñi) [check]
6. absorption of cessation (S. nirodha-sa-mapatti; Wyl. 'gog pa'i snyoms 'jug)
7. life-force (S. jīvitendriya; Wyl. srog gi dbang po)
8-11. four characteristics of conditioned phenomena
8. birth (S. jāti; Wyl. skye ba)
9. abiding (S. sthiti; Wyl. gnas pa)
10. aging (S. jara; Wyl. rga ba)
11. impermanence (S. aniyata; Wyl. mi rtag pa)
12-14. nouns, phrases and letters
12. nouns (S. nama-kaya; Wyl. ming gi tshogs)
13. phrases (S. pada-kaya; Wyl. tshig gi tshogs)
14. letters (S. vyanjana-kaya; Wyl. yi ge'i tshogs)

Note that there are an additional ten non-concurrent formations mentioned in Asanga's Compendium of Abhidharma

Further Reading

  • Book icoline.svg Thupten Jinpa (editor), Ian James Coghlan (translator), Science and Philosophy in the Indian Buddhist Classics, Volume 1: The Physical World (Wisdom: 2017), 141-150
  • Erik Pema Kunsang (translator), Light of Wisdom, Volume 1 (Rangjung Yeshe Publications: 1999), pages 184-185.
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