Fourteen formations not concurrent with mind

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Fourteen formations not concurrent with mind (Skt. citta-viprayukta-saṃskāra; T. ldan min 'du byed bcu bzhi ལྡན་མིན་འདུ་བྱེད་བཅུ་བཞི་) are identified in the Abhidharma-kosha, where they are listed among the seventy-five dharmas. These are:

1. prāpti (T. thob pa) - possession
2. aprāpti (T. ma thob pa) - dispossession
3. sabhāgatā (T. skal mnyam / ris mthun) - homogeneity, same status or similar class
4. asaṃjñāsamāpatti (T. 'du shes med pa'i snyoms 'jug) - meditative attainment of non-discernment
5. asaṃjñika (T. 'du shes med pa) - state of non-discernment
6. nirodhasāmapatti (T. 'gog pa'i snyoms 'jug) - meditative attainment of cessation
7. jīvitendriya (T. srog gi dbang po) - life-force
8-11. four characteristics of conditioned phenomena
8. jāti (T skye ba) - birth, origination
9. sthiti (T. gnas pa) abiding, continuance, maturation, etc.
10. jarā (T. rga ba) - aging, decay, senescence, etc.
11. anityatā (T. mi rtag pa) - impermanence, death, desinence
12-14. nouns, phrases and letters
12. nāma-kāya (T. ming gi tshogs) - nouns
13. pada-kāya (T. tshig gi tshogs) - phrases
14. vyañjana-kāya (T.yi ge'i tshogs) - letters

Note that there are ten additional non-concurrent formations mentioned in Asanga's Compendium of Abhidharma

Alternate translations

  • formations not concurrent with mind
  • non-concurrent formations
  • "conditioned forces dissociated from thought" (Buswell)
  • "elements neither substantial forms nor mental functions" (Goodman))


Further reading

  • Erik Pema Kunsang (translator), Light of Wisdom, Volume 1 (Rangjung Yeshe Publications: 1999), pages 184-185.

External links