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Guṇabhadra (394–468) (simplified Chinese: 求那跋陀罗; traditional Chinese: 求那跋陀羅; pinyin: Qiúnàbátuóluó; Wade–Giles: Ch'iu-na-pa-t'o-lo) was a monk and translator of Mahayana Buddhism from Magadha, Central India.[1] His biography is contained in the work of a Chinese monk called Sengyou entitled Chu sanzang ji ji.


Gunabhadra was said to have originally been born into a Brahman family but studied the Miśrakābhidharmahṛdaya under a Mahayana master which led to his conversion to Buddhism.[2]

He traveled to China by sea with Gunavarma in 435 after first visiting Sri Lanka. They were both treated as honored guests by Emperor Wen of Liu Song, the ruler of South China at the time. In China, he translated one of the key Mahayana sutras, the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra, from Sanskrit to Chinese, and Vekhanasa Sutra , which forms "a volume from the Issaikyō (a Buddhist corpus), commonly known as Jingo-ji kyō," as it was handed down at the Jingo-ji temple.[3] Before translating the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra, he translated another important sutra, the Saṃyuktāgama into Chinese. He continued to be active in other translations and preaching. His Chinese biography also details that he mastered the Tripiṭaka.[4]



  1. Keown, Damien (2003). A Dictionary of Buddhism. Oxford University Press. p. 55. ISBN 9780191579172. 
  2. Willemen, Charles (2013). "Guṇabhadra and Bodhidharma : Remarks about Their School AffiliationI". Pacific World: Journal of the Institute of Buddhist Studies: 33–52. 
  3. Guṇabhadra, 394-468. "Buddhist Sutra "Bimashōkyō"". World Digital Library. 
  4. Glass, Andrew (2008). "Guṇabhadra, Bǎoyún, and the Saṃyuktāgama". Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies: 185–203. 

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