Gyaincain Norbu

From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is a modified clone.
It is a copy of a Wikipedia article that we have modified in some way. But we have not vetted all the content on this page.
Vetting Image fair use 60x35px.png

40% vetted by RW


Gyaincain Norbu
Born (1990-02-13) 13 February 1990 (age 31)
Lhari County, Tibet Autonomous Region, China

Chökyi Gyalpo, also referred to by his secular name Gyaincain Norbu, is the 11th Panchen Lama installed by the government of People's Republic of China. He is also the vice president of the Buddhist Association of China. [1]

Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, the Panchen Lama recognized by the 14th Dalai Lama, and Chadrel Rinpoche, the then-incumbent abbott of Tashi Lhunpo Monastery, have been detained in a series of unknown locations by the Chinese Government since the Dalai Lama selected him. Neither the Chinese nor the Tibetan exile governments recognize each other's selection for the Panchen Lama.[2]


Gyaincain Norbu
Tibetan name
Tibetan ཆོས་ཀྱི་རྒྱལ་པོ་
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 確吉傑布
Simplified Chinese 确吉杰布

Gyaincain Norbu's full religious name is Jêzün Lobsang Qamba Lhünzhub Qögyi'gyäbo Bäsangbo, although he is generally called Qoigyijabu (Tibetan: ཆོས་ཀྱི་རྒྱལ་པོ་་Wylie: Chos-kyi Rgyal-po, ZYPY: Qögyi Gyäbo). Meaning "Dharma king", this name can also be written Qögyi'gyäbo, Qögyi Gyäbo, Qoigyi'gyaibo, Qoigyi Gyaibo, Chökyi Gyalpo, Choekyi Gyalpo, or, in Wylie transliteration, Chos-kyi Rgyal-po. The Chinese equivalent is Quèjí Jiébù (确吉杰布).

The secular name, Gyaincain Norbu (Tibetan: རྒྱལ་མཚན་ནོར་བུ་Wylie: Rgyal-mtshan Nor-bu, ZYPY: Gyäncän Norbu), can also be written Gyaencaen Norbu, Gyancain Norbu, or Gyaltsen Norbu.


Gyaincain Norbu was born on 13 February 1990 in Lhari County in northern Tibet Autonomous Region.[3].[4] He had been living in Beijing during his early childhood to be educated in a Chinese way, and moved back to Tashilhunpo Monastery for his enthronement, in Shigatse, the official seat of the Panchen Lamas. He developed altitude sickness when he first moved back, but overcame it quickly.[5] Since his selection as Panchen Lama, he has studied Tibetan Buddhism,[6] to his studies he added Tibetan language, sutra, and logic at ten; he is bilingual in both Tibetan and Chinese.[7] He spent most of his later childhood studying Buddhism in Beijing.[6] In a rare appearance for his adolescent age, Norbu delivered a speech in Tibetan for the opening ceremony of the 2006 World Buddhist Forum about Buddhism and national unity.[8] Reportedly, it received a cold reception among delegates,[9] with fellow Buddhists making no attempt to greet Gyaltsen Norbu during greeting ceremonies ahead of the conference on Wednesday.[10] Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama had not been invited, because he is viewed by China as "a long-time stubborn secessionist who has tried to split his Chinese motherland and break the unity among different ethnic groups."[10]

Two years later, in 2008, he denounced anti-Han riots in Lhasa, saying "We resolutely oppose all activities to split the country and undermine ethnic unity".[11] China promotes him as "the public face of Tibetan Buddhism".[12]

On 3 February, 2010, Norbu was elected vice president of the Buddhist Association of China.[13] Later that month, at 20 years old, Norbu became the youngest member[12] of the advisory body National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC). Vice chairman of the Tibet Autonomous Region Hao Peng praised his appointment, in particular for Norbu's "demonstrating the role of the living Buddhas in Tibetan Buddhism and encouraging more believers to participate in state affairs".[14] He was not, however, made vice chairman of the CPPCC, as Choekyi Gyaltsen, 10th Panchen Lama was and was widely expected of Norbu. Still, the Tibetan government in exile expressed concern that his appointment could prejudice his position on the next Dalai Lama, who normally requires approval from the Panchen Lama.[12]

On May 2010, he reported to the ethnically Tibetan earthquake zone of the 2010 Yushu earthquake and held prayer services for victims.[15] In June, he gave speeches at Tibet University and Tibet University of Traditional Tibetan Medicine in Lhasa promoting the value of education.[6] In response to the 2010 Gansu mudslide, in which Zhugqu County, a third of which is populated by Tibetans, was hit, he donated ¥50,000 to relief efforts and prayed for the victims.[16] He pays visits to the Tashilhunpo Monastery, the traditional seat of the Panchen Lama, although he does not live there.[7] The Asia Times describes him as "A slight man who wears thick glasses and traditional crimson robes".[12]

In Hong Kong on 26 April, 2012 Gyaincain gave his first appearance outside of mainland China to address over a thousand monks at the Third World Buddhist Forum on the topic of Dharma.[17]

Diplomatic meetings

On 14 September, 2010, the foreign minister of Singapore, George Yeo, became the first foreign member of government to meet officially with Gyaincain Norbu, at the Xihuang Monastery in Beijing.[18]

External links


Search for videos:


  1. "China says Panchen Lama 'living a normal life' 20 years after disappearance". London: The Guardian. 6 September 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2008. 
  2. Watts, Jonathan (8 September 2003). "Struggle over Tibet's 'soul boy'". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 24 June 2008. 
  3. "Bainqen Erdini Qoigyijabu". People's Daily. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  4. 'A Year In Tibet' Broadcast on BBC Four on Thursday, 6 March 2008 at 2100GMT
  5. 西藏自治区主席向巴平措接受外国驻华记者采访 (in Chinese). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China. 27 August 2003. Archived from the original on 11 October 2003. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Panchen Lama urges students to hit the books". China Internet Information Center. Xinhua. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kangzhol, Yexei. "11th Panchen Erdeni: A diligent student". China Tibet Information Center. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  8. "Panchen Lama makes rare public appearance at Buddhist conference". Associated Press. 13 April 2006. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  9. "China hosts first Buddhism forum". BBC News. 13 April 2006. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 China hosts first Buddhism forum
  11. Fairclough, Gordon (1 March 2010). "A New Role for Beijing's Panchen Lama". China Real Time Report. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Sehgal, Saransh (17 March 2010). "China's Panchen Lama enters political arena". Asia Times. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  13. "Panchen now state body VP". Straits Times. Agence France-Presse. 3 February 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  14. "China gives Panchen Lama a political role". United Press International. 3 March 2010. 
  15. "China's Panchen Lama visits earthquake zone: state media". Agence France-Presse. 14 May 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010. 
  16. "Panchen Lama prays for mudslide victims". China Daily. 15 August 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  17. "Panchen Lama delivers first speech outside mainland". Xinhua News Agency. 26 April 2012. Archived from the original on 28 April 2012. Retrieved 26 April 2012. 
  18. Wong Yee Fong. "Foreign Minister George Yeo meets 11th Panchen Lama",, Singapore, 14 September 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2010.

Buddhist titles
Preceded by
Choekyi Gyaltsen
Reincarnation of the Panchen Lama

Living people list

Categories for people:
All people | Historical people | Living people | More people categories...
This article includes content from Gyaincain Norbu on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0. Wikipedia logo