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It is a copy of a Wikipedia article that has not been vetted by our editors.

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Standard Tibetan pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

IPA Tibetan English approximation
b bog [p] on a low tone
c ཀྱ church
ཁྱ གྱ church
ɕ ཞ ཤ sheep
d dog ([t] on a low tone)
dz adz ([ts] on a low tone)
jeep ([tɕ] on a low tone)
ɡ gone ([k] on a low tone)
h head
j yes
ɟ གྱ judge, (UK) dew ([c] on a low tone)
k scat
ཁ ག cat
l leap
ལྷ (voiceless l, like hl)
m moon
n noon
ɲ canyon
ŋ song
p spin
ཕ བ pin
ɹ the r in drink
ɹ̥ རྷ (voiceless r, like hr)
s ཟ ས song
ʂ ཧྲ like first part of shrew [ʂɹu]
t stop
ཐ ད top
ʈ ~ ʈʂ ཀྲ stream
ʈʰ ~ ʈʂʰ ཁྲ གྲ trunk
tɕʰ ཆ ཇ cheer
ts cats
tsʰ ཚ ཛ tsunami
w water
z zoo ([s] on a low tone)
ʑ genre ([ɕ] on a low tone)
ʔ oh-oh!
ʕ like ɦ but more pharyngeal
ʎ ལྱ Spanish castilla
IPA Tibetan English approximation
a between fat and father
e Spanish e (in Sp. open syllables)
ɛ bed
i see
ɪ sit but more centralised
o Spanish o (in Sp. open syllables)
ø French eu, German ö
ɔ off
u moon
ʊ good but more centralised
ʌ cup, RP
y French u, German ü
̃ nasal vowel
IPA Description
high level: si˥
high falling: si˥˧
low rising: si˩˧
low level: si˩


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