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Hetubindu (T. gtan tshigs thigs pa), or "Drops of Logical Reason," is one of the seven treatises on pramāṇa by the Indian scholar Dharmakīrti.

Ernst Steinkellner states:

The Hetubindu, composed by the Buddhist philosopher and logician Dharmakīrti during his middle period (around 600 CE), develops further, with succinct formulations and elaborations on the formal structures and essential elements, his theory of logical reason and inference as he had presented it in the work of his youth, which later became the first chapter, on inference, of the Pramāṇavārttika together with an explanatory Vṛtti, and was refined in the second chapter of his Pramāṇaviniścaya. In the Hetubindu, a treatise of pure logic, he further enriched his ideas in three digressions: an analysis of his teacher Īśvarasena’s theorem of the reason with six characteristics, an epistemological examination of negative cognition and a demonstration of its applicability as a logical reason, and an extensive presentation of the possibilities, by investigating causality, for determining the nexus in the case of the proof of the momentariness of all entities.[1]


English translation:


  1. Steinkellner, Ernst (2016), Dharmakīrti's Hetubindu: Critically edited by Ernst Steinkellner on the basis of preparatory work by Helmut Krasser with a translation of the Gilgit fragment by Klaus Wille, (STTAR 19.) Beijing, Vienna: China Tibetology Publishing House and Austrian Academy of Sciences Press

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