From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to navigation Jump to search

In English word householder is used to translate multiple Buddhist terms. Most broadly, it refers to lay person, in contrast to a monastic or religious mendicant (śramaṇa).

The term "householder" is used to translate the following Sanskrit terms:

  • gṛhastha - a married male who supports his family through his labor[1]
  • gṛhapati - a wealthy patron of Buddhism[2]

In contemporary Buddhist groups, the term "householder" is generally used to refer to non-monastic lay practitioners.


  1. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. gṛhastha.
  2. Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. gṛhapati.