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jñāna-pāramitā (T. ye shes kyi pha rol tu phyin pa ཡེ་ཤེས་ཀྱི་ཕ་རོལ་ཏུ་ཕྱིན་པ་; C. 智到彼岸) is translated as "perfection of exalted wisdom," "perfection of primordial wisdom," "perfection of knowledge," etc.[1] It is the tenth of the ten paramitas of the Sanskrit tradition, which is mastered on the tenth bodhisattva ground (dharmameghā-bhūmi) of the bodhisattva path.[2]

One Teacher, Many Traditions states:

The perfection of exalted wisdom knows the diversity of phenomena, conventionalities, and enables bodhisattvas to be of great benefit to all beings.[3]


  1. Rangjung a-circle30px.jpg Dictionaries/Sgra_bye_brag_tu_rtogs_byed_chen_mo/1031, Rangjung Yeshe Wiki
  2. LotsawaHouse-tag.png A Brief Guide to the Stages and Paths of the Bodhisattvas, Lotsawa House
  3. Dalai Lama & Thubten Chodron 2014, s.v. Chapter 13, section "Perfections of Skillful Means, Power, and Exalted Wisdom".