Jack Kerouac

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Jack Kerouac
Kerouac by Palumbo 2.png
Jack Kerouac by Tom Palumbo circa 1956
Born Jean-Louis Kérouac[1]
(1922-03-12)March 12, 1922
Lowell, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died October 21, 1969(1969-10-21) (aged 47)
St. Petersburg, Florida, U.S.
Occupation Poet, novelist
Nationality American
Alma mater Columbia University
Literary movement Beat
Notable works On the Road
The Dharma Bums
Big Sur
Desolation Angels
Edie Parker (m. 1944–1948)
Joan Haverty (m. 1950–1951)
Stella Sampas (m. 1966–1969)


Jack Kerouac (March 12, 1922 – October 21, 1969) was an American novelist and poet of French-Canadian descent [2][3][4][5].

He is considered a literary iconoclast and, alongside William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg, a pioneer of the Beat Generation.[8] Kerouac is recognized for his method of spontaneous prose. Thematically, his work covers topics such as Catholic spirituality, jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, poverty, and travel. He became an underground celebrity and, with other beats, a progenitor of the hippie movement, although he remained antagonistic toward some of its politically radical elements.

In 1969, at age 47, Kerouac died from an abdominal hemorrhage caused by a lifetime of heavy drinking. Since his death, Kerouac's literary prestige has grown, and several previously unseen works have been published.


  1. [1] Accessed June 28, 2017.
  2. Kerouac, Jack (June 1996). La nuit est ma femme (in La Nouvelle Revue Française). Editions Gallimard. ISBN 207074521X. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  3. Kerouac, Jack (15 September 2016). The Unknown Kerouac: Rare, Unpublished & Newly Translated Writings. New York: The Library of America. ISBN 978-159853-498-6. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  4. Ellis Béchard, Deni. "On le Road: Kerouac's French-Canadian roots hold the key to his literary identity". The Walrus. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 
  5. Pratte, Andre (November 8, 2016). Legacy: How French Canadians Shaped North America. Signal. ISBN 0771072392. Retrieved 22 December 2016. 

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