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A view from Jiuhuashan's Lesser Tiantai peak.

Jiuhuashan (九華山), or "Nine Florate Mountain," is a sacred mountain in Anhui Province that is associated with the bodhisattva Ksitigarbha.[1] It is one of the four great mountains of Chinese Buddhism, the others being Wutaishan, Emeishan, and Putuoshan.[1]

The Princeton Dictionary states:

Jiuhuashan considered the holy mountain of Kṣitigarbha (Dizang pusa), a revered bodhisattva in China, who is regarded as the redeemer of the denizens of the hells (nāraka). Jiuhuashan, the major mountain center in southeastern China, covers more than sixty square miles (one hundred square kilometers) and is famous for its spectacular peaks, perilous cliffs, huge boulders, ancient caves, and myriads of springs, streams, waterfalls, ancient pines, and bamboo forests. Jiuhuashan was originally known as Jiuzifeng (lit. Nine Children Mountain) because its nine major peaks had the shape of children; it was renamed Jiuhuashan after a description of the mountain in a poem by Li Bo (701–762 CE), the renowned Tang-dynasty poet.[1]

Further reading


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Buswell & Lopez 2014, s.v. Jiuhuashan.