Kāśyapa Buddha

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Kassapa Buddha
Sanskrit Kasyapa Buddha
Pāli Kassapa Buddha
Burmese ကဿပ
Chinese 迦葉佛
Japanese 迦葉; かしょう
Khmer ព្រះពុទ្ធកស្សបោ
(Preah Puth Kassapao)
Mongolian ᠭᠡᠷᠡᠯ ᠰᠠᠬᠢᠭᠴᠢ, Гашив,
Thai พระกัสสปพุทธเจ้า
(Phra Kassapa Phutthachao)
Tibetan འོད་སྲུང་ཆེན་པོ
(Ösung Chenpo)
Vietnamese Phật Ca-Diếp
Venerated by Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana
Preceded by Koṇāgamana Buddha
Succeeded by Gautama Buddha
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Kāśyapa (P. Kassapa; T. 'od srung; C. jaishe) is one the Seven Buddhas of Antiquity, who proceded the current Buddha (Gautama Buddha). In the Sankrit Mahayana tradition, he is also identified as the third of the 1002 buddhas of this Fortunate Aeon.

Pali tradition

In the Pali tradition, Kassapa Buddha's biography is chronicled in chapter 24[1] of the Buddhavamsa. According to this tradition, Kassapa is the twenty-seventh of the twenty-nine named Buddhas, the sixth of the Seven Buddhas of Antiquity, and the third of the five Buddhas of the present kalpa.[2]

The present kalpa is called the bhadrakalpa (fortunate aeon). The five Buddhas of the present kalpa are:[3][4]

  1. Kakusandha (the first Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
  2. Koṇāgamana (the second Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
  3. Kassapa (the third Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
  4. Gautama (the fourth and present Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)
  5. Maitreya (the fifth and future Buddha of the bhadrakalpa)


Kassapa was born in Isipatana Deer Park. This place is located in Varanasi, a city in the modern-day state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. His parents were the Brahmins Brahmadatta and Dhanavatī, of the Kashyap Gotra.[1]

According to legend, his body was twenty cubits high, and he lived for two thousand years in three different palaces. They are Hamsa, Yasa, and Sirinanda.[1] (The BuA.217 calls the first two palaces Hamsavā and Yasavā). His chief wife was Sunandā, who bore him a son named Vijitasena.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Vicittasarabivamsa, U (1992). "Chapter 24: Kassapa Buddhavamsa". In Ko Lay, U; Tin Lwin, U. The great chronicle of Buddhas, Volume One, Part Two (1st ed.). Yangon, Myanmar: Ti=Ni Publishing Center. pp. 285–92. 
  2. Gärtner, Uta; Jens Lorenz (1994). Tradition and modernity in Myanmar. LIT Verlag. p. 281. ISBN 978-3-8258-2186-9. 
  3. Buswell Jr., RE; Lopez Jr., DS (2014). The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (1st ed.). Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-691-15786-3. 
  4. "Chapter 36: The Buddhas in the three periods of time". Buddhism in a Nutshell Archives. Hong Kong: Buddhistdoor International. Retrieved 2014-12-21. 

External links

Buddhist titles
Preceded by
Koṇāgamana Buddha
Seven Buddhas of the Past Succeeded by
Śākyamuni Buddha
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