From Encyclopedia of Buddhism
Jump to: navigation, search
Tibetan name
Tibetan བཀའ་འགྱུར་
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 甘珠爾
Simplified Chinese 甘珠尔

Kangyur (Tib. བཀའ་འགྱུར་, Wyl. bka' 'gyur) literally "translated words", is one of the two branches of the Tibetan Buddhist Canon.

Traditionally speaking, the Kangyur contains the "words of the Buddha", referring to the sutras and tantras. The commentaries to these texts are collected into the Tengyur, which is the second branch of the Tibetan Buddhist Canon.

The compilation of the first version of the Kangyur was completed by the Tibetan scholar Butön Rinchen Drup in the 1300s. Several versions of the compilation existed in Tibet, among which the most notable are those from Dergé, Lhasa, Narthang, Choné, Peking, Urga, Phudrak, and Tok Palace.

Though these collections aimed at exhaustiveness, most of the Nyingma tantras were left out of the Kangyur by their Sarma compilers. This lead to the creation of the Nyingma Gyübum that brings together the Nyingma tantras.


The divisions of the Kangyur (according to the Degé edition) are:[1][2]

Further Reading

  • Paul Harrison, 'A Brief History of the Tibetan bKa' 'gyur' in Cabezón and Jackson, ed., Tibetan Literature: Studies in Genre, Snow Lion, 1996
  • Peter Skilling, Translating the Buddha's Words: Some Notes on the Kanjur Translation Project, Nonthaburi, March 11, 2009
  • Peter Skilling, 'Kanjur Titles and Colophons' in Tibetan Studies, vol. 2. Oslo, 1994, pp.768-780

See also


External links

General reference:

English language translations:

Tibetan language Kangyur collections:

This article includes content from Kangyur on Rigpawiki (view authors). Licensed under CC BY-NC 3.0 RW icon height 18px.png