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Statue of Kapila.

Kapila (T. སེར་སྐྱ་) was an Indian sage best known as the founder of the Samkhya school, one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of India.[1][2] Kapila is estimated to have lived in the 6th-century BCE,[1] or the 7th-century BCE.[3] His influence on Buddha and Buddhism have long been the subject of scholarly studies.[4][5]

In the Brahmanda Purana, Kapila is described as an incarnation of Vishnu: "Bhagavān Nārāyaṇa will protect us all. The Lord of the universe has now been born in the world as Kapilācārya."[6] Kapila was also referred to as "Cakradhanus."[6]

Many historic personalities in Hinduism and Jainism, mythical figures, pilgrimage sites in Indian religion, as well as an ancient variety of cow, are named after Kapila, or share his name.[3][7][8]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. Kapila, Encyclopædia Britannica (2014). Archived 16 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. Internet-icon.svg སེར་སྐྱ་, Christian-Steinert Dictionary
  3. 3.0 3.1 James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 350. ISBN 978-0-8239-3179-8. Archived from the originalFree registration required on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020. 
  4. Max Muller et al. (1999 Reprint), Studies in Buddhism, Asian Educational Services, ISBN 81-206-1226-4, pages 9–10
  5. W. Woodhill Rockhill (2000 Reprint), The Life of the Buddha and the Early History of His Order, Routledge, ISBN 978-1-136-37937-6, pages 11–19
  6. 6.0 6.1 www.wisdomlib.org (2019-01-28). "Story of Kapila". www.wisdomlib.org. Retrieved 2022-08-08. 
  7. Knut A. Jacobsen (2013). Pilgrimage in the Hindu Tradition: Salvific Space. Routledge. pp. 114–115. ISBN 978-0-415-59038-9. Archived from the original on 19 January 2020. Retrieved 11 October 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. Hemacandra; R. C. C. Fynes (Translator) (1998). The Lives of the Jain Elders. Oxford University Press. pp. 144–146, Canto Seven, verses 1–19. ISBN 978-0-19-283227-6. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 October 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

Further reading

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