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The departure of the Buddha from Kapilavastu, Sanchi, Stupa 1, Northern Gate.

Kapilavastu (P. Kapilavatthu; T. ser skya'i gzhi སེར་སྐྱའི་གཞི་; C. jiapiluowei) was the capital of the Shakya clan in Ancient India. According to tradition, Kapilavastu was the childhood home of Siddartha Gautama, the future Buddha. Siddhartha was raised in the royal palace at Kapilavastu by his father King Śuddhodana and his step-mother Mahāpajāpatī. Siddhartha is said to have lived there until the age of 29, when he left his home to begin his spiritual quest. After attaining enlightenment, the Buddha returned to Kapilavastu and taught the dharma to his family and relatives.

According to some accounts, Kapilavastu was named after the Vedic sage Kapila.[1][2]

Search for Kapilavastu

The 19th-century search for the historical site of Kapilavastu followed the accounts left by Faxian and later by Xuanzang, who were Chinese Buddhist monks who made early pilgrimages to the site.[3][4][5][6] Some archaeologists have identified present-day Tilaurakot, Nepal, while some others have identified present-day Piprahwa, India as the location for the historical site of Kapilavastu, the seat of governance of the Shakya state that would have covered the region.[7][8][9] Both sites contain archaeological ruins.[10][11][12][13]

Proposed sites


  1. Kapila, VEDIC SAGE, Encyclopedia Britannica. Link: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Kapila
  2. UP’s Piprahwa is Buddha’s Kapilvastu? ,Shailvee Sharda May 4, 2015, Times of India
  3. Beal, Samuel (1884). Si-Yu-Ki: Buddhist Records of the Western World, by Hiuen Tsiang. 2 vols. Translated by Samuel Beal. London. 1884. Reprint: Delhi. Oriental Books Reprint Corporation. 1969. Volume 1
  4. Beal, Samuel (1911). The Life of Hiuen-Tsiang. Translated from the Chinese of Shaman (monk) Hwui Li by Samuel Beal. London. 1911. Reprint Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi. 1973. Internet Archive
  5. Li, Rongxi (translator) (1995). The Great Tang Dynasty Record of the Western Regions. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research. Berkeley, California. ISBN 1-886439-02-8
  6. Watters, Thomas (1904). On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India, 629-645 A.D. Volume1. Royal Asiatic Society, London. 
  7. Tuladhar, Swoyambhu D. (November 2002), "The Ancient City of Kapilvastu - Revisited" (PDF), Ancient Nepal (151): 1–7 
  8. Chris Hellier (March 2001). "Competing Claims on Buddha's Hometown". Archaeology.org. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  9. Srivastava, KM (1979), "Kapilavastu and Its Precise Location", East and West, 29 (1/4): 61–74, JSTOR 29756506  – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  10. Srivastava, KM (1980). "Archaeological Excavations at Piprāhwā and Ganwaria and the Identification of Kapilavastu". The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies. 13 (1): 103–10. 
  11. Sharda, Shailvee (May 4, 2015), "UP's Piprahwa is Buddha's Kapilvastu?", Times of India 
  12. "Kapilavastu". Retrieved 1 March 2011. 
  13. Huntington, John C (1986), "Sowing the Seeds of the Lotus" (PDF), Orientations, September 1986: 54–56, archived from the original (PDF) on November 28, 2014 


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