Katyayana (Skt. Kātyāyana; P. Kaccāyana) was one of the main disciples of Gautama Buddha. He was commonly known as "Katyayana the Great" (Skt. Mahākātyāyana; P. Mahākaccāna). He was foremost among the disciples in explaining the brief discoures of the Buddha.
He is identified asas one of the ten principal disciples of Gautama Buddha.
According to Pali texts, Kātyāyana was born in a Brahmin family at Ujjayini (Ujjain) and received a classical Brahminical education studying the Vedas. Katyayana studied assiduously under Asita, who had predicted that Prince Siddharta would become either a chakravartin, a great worldly ruler, or a Buddha. With a group of seven friends he invited the Buddha to visit, and gained enlightenment (bodhi) while listening to him preach. He was ordained, and made numerous converts in the state of Avanti. He is known as Phra Sangkajai in Thai Buddhism and portrayed as extremely portly.
Kātyāyana is listed as one of the ten principal disciples of Gautama Buddha.
Tradition attributes to Katyāyana the authorship of two late Pāli canonical texts Nettipakarana, a commentary on Buddhist doctrine; and peṭakopadesa, a treatise on exegetical methodology. However it may be more accurate to think of these texts being composed by a school descended from him.
In the Lotus Sutra
Nāgārjuna cites a text which he calls kātyāyanavavāda "Advice to Kātyāyana", in his Mūlamadhyamakakārikā (15.7). The text he cites appears to have been a Sanskrit version of the Pāli Kaccānagotta Sutta (Saṃyutta Nikāya ii.16-17).
- Robert E. Buswell Jr., Donald S. Lopez Jr., The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (Princeton: 2014), s.v. Mahākātyāyana
- Malalasekera, G. P. (1973). Dictionary of Pali Names. Pali Text Society.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Chandra, Lokesh (2002). Dictionary of Buddhist Iconography. Biblia Impex India. pp. 1652–1653. ISBN 81-7742-049-6.
- Keown, Damien (2003). A Dictionary of Buddhism. Oxford University Press. p. 140. ISBN 0-19-860560-9.
|This article includes content from Katyayana (Buddhist) on Wikipedia (view authors). License under CC BY-SA 3.0.|