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Translations of
English fury
Sanskrit krodha
Tibetan ཁྲོ་བ་
(Wylie: khro ba;
THL: khroba

Krodha (Sanskrit; Tibetan Wylie: khro ba) is translated as "fury", "rage", "indignation", etc. Within the Mahayana Abhidharma tradition, krodha is identified as one of the twenty subsidiary unwholesome mental factors.


Within the Mahayana Abhidharma, krodha is defined as an increase of anger (Sanskrit: pratigha) that causes one to prepare to harm others.[1][2]

The Abhidharma-samuccaya states:

What is indignation [krodha]? It is a vindictive intention which is associated with anger [pratigha] when the chance to hurt is near at hand. Its function is to become the basis of taking hold of a knife, killing, and preparing to strike.[1]

The Necklace of Clear Understanding states:

...anger [pratigha] is a vindictive mind...but indignation [krodha] is an increase in anger when the chance for harming is at hand and is a very turbid state of mind leading to actual physical harm.[1]

StudyBuddhism states:

Hatred (khro-ba) is a part of hostility (dvesha) and is the harsh intention to cause harm.[3][4]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Guenther (1975), Kindle Locations 862-871.
  2. Kunsang (2004), p. 27.
  3. StudyBuddhism icon 35px.png Primary Minds and the 51 Mental Factors, StudyBuddhism
  4. Note that according to StudyBuddhism, dvesha is a sub-category of anger (pratigha)


External links

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